[ Main Table Of Contents  Table Of Contents  Keyword Index  Categories  Modules  Applications ]
NAME
math::machineparameters  Compute double precision machine parameters.
Table Of Contents
SYNOPSIS
package require Tcl 8.4
package require snit
package require math::machineparameters 0.1
machineparameters create objectname ?options...?
objectname configure ?options...?
objectname cget opt
objectname destroy
objectname compute
objectname get key
objectname tostring
objectname print
DESCRIPTION
The math::machineparameters package is the Tcl equivalent of the DLAMCH LAPACK function. In floating point systems, a floating point number is represented by
x = +/ d1 d2 ... dt basis^e
where digits satisfy
0 <= di <= basis  1, i = 1, t
with the convention :
t is the size of the mantissa
basis is the basis (the "radix")
The compute method computes all machine parameters. Then, the get method can be used to get each parameter. The print method prints a report on standard output.
EXAMPLE
In the following example, one compute the parameters of a desktop under Linux with the following Tcl 8.4.19 properties :
% parray tcl_platform
tcl_platform(byteOrder) = littleEndian
tcl_platform(machine) = i686
tcl_platform(os) = Linux
tcl_platform(osVersion) = 2.6.2419generic
tcl_platform(platform) = unix
tcl_platform(tip,268) = 1
tcl_platform(tip,280) = 1
tcl_platform(user) = <username>
tcl_platform(wordSize) = 4
The following example creates a machineparameters object, computes the properties and displays it.
set pp [machineparameters create %AUTO%]
$pp compute
$pp print
$pp destroy
This prints out :
Machine parameters
Epsilon : 1.11022302463e16
Beta : 2
Rounding : proper
Mantissa : 53
Maximum exponent : 1024
Minimum exponent : 1021
Overflow threshold : 8.98846567431e+307
Underflow threshold : 2.22507385851e308
That compares well with the results produced by Lapack 3.1.1 :
Epsilon = 1.11022302462515654E016
Safe minimum = 2.22507385850720138E308
Base = 2.0000000000000000
Precision = 2.22044604925031308E016
Number of digits in mantissa = 53.000000000000000
Rounding mode = 1.00000000000000000
Minimum exponent = 1021.0000000000000
Underflow threshold = 2.22507385850720138E308
Largest exponent = 1024.0000000000000
Overflow threshold = 1.79769313486231571E+308
Reciprocal of safe minimum = 4.49423283715578977E+307
The following example creates a machineparameters object, computes the properties and gets the epsilon for the machine.
set pp [machineparameters create %AUTO%]
$pp compute
set eps [$pp get epsilon]
$pp destroy
REFERENCES
"Algorithms to Reveal Properties of FloatingPoint Arithmetic", Michael A. Malcolm, Stanford University, Communications of the ACM, Volume 15 , Issue 11 (November 1972), Pages: 949  951
"More on Algorithms that Reveal Properties of Floating, Point Arithmetic Units", W. Morven Gentleman, University of Waterloo, Scott B. Marovich, Purdue University, Communications of the ACM, Volume 17 , Issue 5 (May 1974), Pages: 276  277
CLASS API
machineparameters create objectname ?options...?
The command creates a new machineparameters object and returns the fully qualified name of the object command as its result.
verbose verbose
Set this option to 1 to enable verbose logging. This option is mainly for debug purposes. The default value of verbose is 0.
OBJECT API
objectname configure ?options...?
The command configure the options of the object objectname. The options are the same as the static method create.

Returns the value of the option which name is opt. The options are the same as the method create and configure.

Destroys the object objectname.

Computes the machine parameters.

Returns the value corresponding with given key. The following is the list of available keys.
 epsilon : smallest value so that 1+epsilon>1 is false
 rounding : The rounding mode used on the machine. The rounding occurs when more than t digits would be required to represent the number. Two modes can be determined with the current system : "chop" means than only t digits are kept, no matter the value of the number "proper" means that another rounding mode is used, be it "round to nearest", "round up", "round down".
 basis : the basis of the floatingpoint representation. The basis is usually 2, i.e. binary representation (for example IEEE 754 machines), but some machines (like HP calculators for example) uses 10, or 16, etc...
 mantissa : the number of bits in the mantissa
 exponentmax : the largest positive exponent before overflow occurs
 exponentmin : the largest negative exponent before (gradual) underflow occurs
 vmax : largest positive value before overflow occurs
 vmin : largest negative value before (gradual) underflow occurs

Return a report for machine parameters.

Print machine parameters on standard output.
Bugs, Ideas, Feedback
This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category math of the Tcllib Trackers. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.
When proposing code changes, please provide unified diffs, i.e the output of diff u.
Note further that attachments are strongly preferred over inlined patches. Attachments can be made by going to the Edit form of the ticket immediately after its creation, and then using the leftmost button in the secondary navigation bar.
COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2008 Michael Baudin