TIP 428: Produce Error Dictionary from 'fconfigure -error'

EuroTcl/OpenACS 11 - 12 JULY 2024, VIENNA
Author:         Harald Oehlmann <[email protected]>
Author:         Harald Oehlmann <[email protected]>
State:          Draft
Type:           Project
Vote:           Pending
Created:        16-Mar-2014
Keywords:       socket,non-blocking,error reporting,option dictionary
Tcl-Version:    9.1
Tcl-Branch:     tip-428


This TIP proposes a new method which allows to return the error message and the error code of a background socket error (as reported by fconfigure -error), similar to the option dictionaries produced by catch and try and consumed by return.


The error message of a background channel error may be retrieved and cleared by fconfigure channel -error, but there is no access to the error code.

In addition, the error may not be handled in the TCL-like way using catch or try (or just let fail the program).

Specially the new try syntax (see example in the man page) is well suited to handle socket errors. Example:

try {set h [socket $host $port]}\
    # handle not open port

Drivers mostly use POSIX errors to report issues where the error code is more portable than the error message (AFAIK).

To handle an error by try, the error must be thrown.

We are limited to an option to the command fconfigure, as this is implemented within the driver interface.

Throwing the error would change the semantics of fconfigure and thus should not happen (consensus on the core list). Instead, the new fconfigure operation should return the error message and the error code.

To finally throw the error, an utility function (chan throwerror $h) may be defined in TCL. This is not part of this TIP.

Proposed Change

The option fconfigure channel -error should be extended to take an optional argument as follows:

fconfigure channel -error ?errorDictVar?

If the optional argument errorDictVar is given, the following dict is written in the named variable of the caller environment:

This is executed in addition to the standard action of fconfigure channel -error.


Usage example with failing async connect:

% set h [connect -async localhost 30001]
% fileevent $h writable {set x 1}
% vwait x
% fconfigure $h -error errorDict
connection refused
% set errorDict
-code 1 -errorcode {POSIX ECONNREFUSED {connection refused}}
% close $h

The following example demonstrates the implementation of chan throwerror eg to throw the error from the provided dict.

proc throwerror {h} {
    set errorMessage [fconfigure $h -errorDict]
    return -options $errorDict $errorMessage



The tip is implemented in fossil branch tip-428.


The idea of this semantics and a feasability study is from Reinhard Max.


This document has been placed in the public domain.