Changes On Branch status_x509
EuroTcl/OpenACS 11 - 12 JULY 2024, VIENNA

Changes In Branch status_x509 Excluding Merge-Ins

This is equivalent to a diff from dbe759a0f2 to af0ed7ddd0

2023-09-01
21:57
Merged status and X509 updates branch into master check-in: 3432ab03a3 user: bohagan tags: trunk
21:35
Added more X509 status Leaf check-in: af0ed7ddd0 user: bohagan tags: status_x509
2023-08-28
01:56
Added load CA file comments check-in: d4b5b9bd2a user: bohagan tags: status_x509
2023-07-30
03:39
Merged master into branch check-in: 739742d3d4 user: bohagan tags: status_x509
03:21
Merged errors_and_callbacks branch into master check-in: dbe759a0f2 user: bohagan tags: trunk
02:53
Updated default callbacks in tls.tcl file Leaf check-in: cdb51c799e user: bohagan tags: errors_and_callbacks
2023-07-16
15:05
Merge status and X509 updates branch check-in: 1924dcd361 user: bohagan tags: trunk

Modified doc/tls.html from [3c88bc4018] to [9494c1c42e].

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	<dt><strong>protocol</strong> <em>version</em></dt>
	<dd>The protocol version used for the connection:
	    SSL2, SSL3, TLS1, TLS1.1, TLS1.2, TLS1.3, or unknown.</dd>
	<dt><strong>sbits</strong> <em>n</em></dt>
	<dd>The number of bits used for the session key.</dd>
	<dt><strong>signatureHashAlgorithm</strong> <em>algorithm</em></dt>
	<dd>The signature hash algorithm.</dd>
	<dt><strong>signature_type</strong> <em>type</em></dt>
	<dt><strong>signatureType</strong> <em>type</em></dt>
	<dd>The signature type value.</dd>
	<dt><strong>verifyDepth</strong> <em>n</em></dt>
	<dd>Maximum depth for the certificate chain verification.
	    Default is -1, to check all.</dd>
	<dt><strong>verifyMode</strong> <em>list</em></dt>
	<dd>List of certificate verification modes.</dd>
	<dt><strong>verification</strong> <em>result</em></dt>
	<dt><strong>verifyResult</strong> <em>result</em></dt>
	<dd>Certificate verification result.</dd>
	<dt><strong>ca_names</strong> <em>list</em></dt>
	<dd>List of the Certificate Authorities used to create the certificate.</dd>
    </dl>
</blockquote>
<blockquote>
	<b>Certificate Status</b>

Modified generic/tls.c from [b314eff29c] to [18bce24fbb].

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 * Side effects:
 *	Evaluates callback command
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static int
EvalCallback(Tcl_Interp *interp, State *statePtr, Tcl_Obj *cmdPtr) {
    int code, ok;
    int code, ok = 0;

    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) interp);
    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) statePtr);

    /* Eval callback with success for ok or return value 1, fail for error or return value 0 */
    Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
    code = Tcl_EvalObjEx(interp, cmdPtr, TCL_EVAL_GLOBAL);
    if (code == TCL_OK) {
	/* Check result for return value */
	Tcl_Obj *result = Tcl_GetObjResult(interp);
	if (result == NULL || Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, result, &ok) != TCL_OK) {
	    ok = 1;
	}
    } else {
	/* Error - reject the certificate */
	ok = 0;
#if (TCL_MAJOR_VERSION == 8) && (TCL_MINOR_VERSION < 6)
	Tcl_BackgroundError(interp);
#else
	Tcl_BackgroundException(interp, code);
#endif
    }

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    if (statePtr->vcmd == (Tcl_Obj*)NULL) {
	if (statePtr->vflags & SSL_VERIFY_FAIL_IF_NO_PEER_CERT) {
	    return ok;
	} else {
	    return 1;
	}
    } else if (cert == NULL || ssl == NULL) {
	return 0;
    }

    /* Create command to eval */
    cmdPtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(statePtr->vcmd);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, cmdPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verify", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, cmdPtr,
	Tcl_NewStringObj(Tcl_GetChannelName(statePtr->self), -1));
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    const unsigned char *p;
    size_t len, remaining;

    dprintf("Called");

    if (statePtr->vcmd == (Tcl_Obj*)NULL) {
	return SSL_CLIENT_HELLO_SUCCESS;
    } else if (ssl == NULL || arg == NULL) {
    } else if (ssl == (const SSL *)NULL || arg == (void *)NULL) {
	return SSL_CLIENT_HELLO_ERROR;
    }

    /* Get names */
    if (!SSL_client_hello_get0_ext(ssl, TLSEXT_TYPE_server_name, &p, &remaining) || remaining <= 2) {
	*alert = SSL_R_SSLV3_ALERT_ILLEGAL_PARAMETER;
	return SSL_CLIENT_HELLO_ERROR;
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CiphersObjCmd(ClientData clientData, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *const objv[]) {
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr = NULL;
    SSL_CTX *ctx = NULL;
    SSL *ssl = NULL;
    STACK_OF(SSL_CIPHER) *sk;
    char *cp, buf[BUFSIZ];
    int index, verbose = 0, use_supported = 0;
    const SSL_METHOD *method;

    dprintf("Called");

    if ((objc < 2) || (objc > 4)) {
	Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "protocol ?verbose? ?supported?");
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }
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    switch ((enum protocol)index) {
	case TLS_SSL2:
#if OPENSSL_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x10100000L || defined(NO_SSL2) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_SSL2)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv2_method()); break;
	    method = SSLv2_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_SSL3:
#if defined(NO_SSL3) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_SSL3) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_SSL3_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv3_method()); break;
	    method = SSLv3_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1:
#if defined(NO_TLS1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_method()); break;
	    method = TLSv1_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1_1:
#if defined(NO_TLS1_1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_1_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_1_method()); break;
	    method = TLSv1_1_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1_2:
#if defined(NO_TLS1_2) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_2) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_2_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_2_method()); break;
	    method = TLSv1_2_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1_3:
#if defined(NO_TLS1_3) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_3)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLS_method());
	    method = TLS_method();
	    SSL_CTX_set_min_proto_version(ctx, TLS1_3_VERSION);
	    SSL_CTX_set_max_proto_version(ctx, TLS1_3_VERSION);
	    break;
#endif
	default:
	    method = TLS_method();
	    break;
    }

    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(method);
    if (ctx == NULL) {
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, REASON(), NULL);
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    ssl = SSL_new(ctx);
    if (ssl == NULL) {
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	    return NULL;
	}
    }

    /* Set verification CAs */
    Tcl_DStringInit(&ds);
    Tcl_DStringInit(&ds1);
    /* There is one default directory, one default file, and one default store.
	The default CA certificates directory (and default store) is in the OpenSSL
	certs directory. It can be overridden by the SSL_CERT_DIR env var. The
	default CA certificates file is called cert.pem in the default OpenSSL
	directory. It can be overridden by the SSL_CERT_FILE env var. */
	/* int SSL_CTX_set_default_verify_dir(SSL_CTX *ctx) and int SSL_CTX_set_default_verify_file(SSL_CTX *ctx) */
    if (!SSL_CTX_load_verify_locations(ctx, F2N(CAfile, &ds), F2N(CAdir, &ds1)) ||
	!SSL_CTX_set_default_verify_paths(ctx)) {
#if 0
	Tcl_DStringFree(&ds);
	Tcl_DStringFree(&ds1);
	/* Don't currently care if this fails */
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "SSL default verify paths: ", REASON(), (char *) NULL);
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    /* Get certificate for peer or self */
    if (objc == 2) {
	peer = SSL_get_peer_certificate(statePtr->ssl);
    } else {
	peer = SSL_get_certificate(statePtr->ssl);
    }
    /* Get X509 certificate info */
    if (peer) {
	objPtr = Tls_NewX509Obj(interp, peer);
	if (objc == 2) { X509_free(peer); }
	if (objc == 2) {
	    X509_free(peer);
	    peer = NULL;
	}
    } else {
	objPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    }

    /* Peer cert chain (client only) */
    STACK_OF(X509)* ssl_certs = SSL_get_peer_cert_chain(statePtr->ssl);
    if (!peer && (ssl_certs == NULL || sk_X509_num(ssl_certs) == 0)) {
    if (ssl_certs == NULL || sk_X509_num(ssl_certs) == 0) {
	Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TLS", "STATUS", "CERTIFICATE", (char *) NULL);
	Tcl_IncrRefCount(objPtr);
	Tcl_DecrRefCount(objPtr);
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /* Peer name from cert */
    /* Peer name */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("peername", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_get0_peername(statePtr->ssl), -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("sbits", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(SSL_get_cipher_bits(statePtr->ssl, NULL)));

    ciphers = (char*)SSL_get_cipher(statePtr->ssl);
    if ((ciphers != NULL) && (strcmp(ciphers, "(NONE)") != 0)) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("cipher", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(ciphers, -1));
    }

    /* Verify the X509 certificate presented by the peer */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verification", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verifyResult", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr,
	Tcl_NewStringObj(X509_verify_cert_error_string(SSL_get_verify_result(statePtr->ssl)), -1));

    /* Verify mode */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verifyMode", -1));
    /* SSL_CTX_get_verify_mode(ctx) */
    mode = SSL_get_verify_mode(statePtr->ssl);
    if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_NONE) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("none", -1));
    } else {
	Tcl_Obj *listObjPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_PEER) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("peer", -1));
	}
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_FAIL_IF_NO_PEER_CERT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("fail if no peer cert", -1));
	}
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_CLIENT_ONCE) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("client once", -1));
	}
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_POST_HANDSHAKE) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("post handshake", -1));
	}
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, listObjPtr);
    }

    /* Verify mode depth */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verifyDepth", -1));
    /* SSL_CTX_get_verify_depth(ctx) */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(SSL_get_verify_depth(statePtr->ssl)));

    /* Report the selected protocol as a result of the negotiation */
    SSL_get0_alpn_selected(statePtr->ssl, &proto, &len);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("alpn", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj((char *)proto, (int) len));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("protocol", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_get_version(statePtr->ssl), -1));

    /* Valid for non-RSA signature and TLS 1.3 */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureHashAlgorithm", -1));
    if (objc == 2 ? SSL_get_peer_signature_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid) : SSL_get_signature_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid)) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid), -1));
    } else {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signature_type", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureType", -1));
    if (objc == 2 ? SSL_get_peer_signature_type_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid) : SSL_get_signature_type_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid)) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid), -1));
    } else {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
    }

    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, objPtr);
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  *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int ConnectionInfoObjCmd(ClientData clientData, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *const objv[]) {
    Tcl_Channel chan;		/* The channel to set a mode on. */
    State *statePtr;		/* client state for ssl socket */
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr, *listPtr;
    const SSL *ssl;
    const SSL_CIPHER *cipher;
    const SSL_SESSION *session;
    const unsigned char *proto;
    long mode;

    if (objc != 2) {
	Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "channel");
	return(TCL_ERROR);
    }

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	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("cipher", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_CIPHER_get_name(cipher), -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("standard_name", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_CIPHER_standard_name(cipher), -1));

	bits = SSL_CIPHER_get_bits(cipher, &alg_bits);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("secret_bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(bits));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("secret_bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("algorithm_bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(alg_bits));
	/* alg_bits is actual key secret bits. If use bits and secret (algorithm) bits differ,
	   the rest of the bits are fixed, i.e. for limited export ciphers (bits < 56) */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("min_version", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_CIPHER_get_version(cipher), -1));

	/* Get OpenSSL-specific ID, not IANA ID */
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    /* Session info */
    session = SSL_get_session(ssl);
    if (session != NULL) {
	const unsigned char *ticket;
	size_t len2;
	unsigned int ulen;
	const unsigned char *session_id;
	const unsigned char *session_id, *proto;
	char buffer[SSL_MAX_MASTER_KEY_LENGTH];

	/* Report the selected protocol as a result of the ALPN negotiation */
	SSL_SESSION_get0_alpn_selected(session, &proto, &len2);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("alpn", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj((char *)proto, (int) len2));

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	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("timeout", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewLongObj(SSL_SESSION_get_timeout(session)));

	/* Session ticket lifetime hint (in seconds) */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("lifetime", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewLongObj(SSL_SESSION_get_ticket_lifetime_hint(session)));

	/* Session id */
	/* Session id - TLSv1.2 and below only */
	session_id = SSL_SESSION_get_id(session, &ulen);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_id", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(session_id, (int) ulen));

	/* Session context */
	session_id = SSL_SESSION_get0_id_context(session, &ulen);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_context", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(session_id, (int) ulen));

	/* Session ticket - client only */
	SSL_SESSION_get0_ticket(session, &ticket, &len2);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_ticket", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(ticket, (int) len2));

	/* Ticket app data */
	SSL_SESSION_get0_ticket_appdata(session, &ticket, &len2);
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	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("NONE", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("expansion", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("NONE", -1));
#endif
    }

    /* Server info */
    {
    mode = SSL_CTX_get_session_cache_mode(statePtr->ctx);
    if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_OFF) {
	proto = "off";
    } else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_CLIENT) {
	proto = "client";
    } else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_SERVER) {
	proto = "server";
    } else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_BOTH) {
	proto = "both";
    } else {
	proto = "unknown";
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_cache_mode", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(proto, -1));
	mode = SSL_CTX_get_session_cache_mode(statePtr->ctx);
	char *msg;
	
	if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_OFF) {
	    msg = "off";
	} else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_CLIENT) {
	    msg = "client";
	} else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_SERVER) {
	    msg = "server";
	} else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_BOTH) {
	    msg = "both";
	} else {
	    msg = "unknown";
	}
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_cache_mode", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(msg, -1));
    }

    /* CA List */
    /* IF not a server, same as SSL_get0_peer_CA_list. If server same as SSL_CTX_get_client_CA_list */
    listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    STACK_OF(X509_NAME) *ca_list;
    if ((ca_list = SSL_get_client_CA_list(ssl)) != NULL) {
	char buffer[BUFSIZ];
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_X509_NAME_num(ca_list); i++) {
	    X509_NAME *name = sk_X509_NAME_value(ca_list, i);
	    if (name) {
		X509_NAME_oneline(name, buffer, BUFSIZ);
		Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, -1));
	    }
	}
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("caList", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, listPtr);

    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, objPtr);
    return TCL_OK;
	clientData = clientData;
}

/*

Modified generic/tlsIO.c from [ede520a139] to [55240df165].

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	    dprintf("Asked to wait for a TLS handshake that has already failed.  Returning soft error");
	    *errorCodePtr = ECONNRESET;
	}
	return(-1);
    }

    for (;;) {
	/* Not initialized yet! */
	/* Not initialized yet! Also calls SSL_do_handshake. */
	if (statePtr->flags & TLS_TCL_SERVER) {
	    dprintf("Calling SSL_accept()");
	    err = SSL_accept(statePtr->ssl);

	} else {
	    dprintf("Calling SSL_connect()");
	    err = SSL_connect(statePtr->ssl);

Modified generic/tlsX509.c from [4adcfb41ce] to [0d1e21b228].

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/*
 * Copyright (C) 1997-2000 Sensus Consulting Ltd.
 * Matt Newman <[email protected]>
 * Copyright (C) 2023 Brian O'Hagan
 */
#include <tcl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/sha.h>
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include <openssl/x509v3.h>
#include <openssl/x509_vfy.h>
#include <openssl/asn1.h>
#include "tlsInt.h"

/*
 *  Ensure these are not macros - known to be defined on Win32
 */
#ifdef min
#undef min
#endif

/* Define maximum certificate size. Max PEM size 100kB and DER size is 24kB. */
#ifdef max
#undef max
#endif

#define CERT_STR_SIZE 32768
static int min(int a, int b)
{
    return (a < b) ? a : b;
}

static int max(int a, int b)
{
    return (a > b) ? a : b;
}

/*
 * ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr --
 */
static char *
ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr(ASN1_UTCTIME *tm)
{
    static char bp[128];
    char *v;

    int gmt=0;
    static char *mon[12]={
        "Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun", "Jul","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"};
    int i;
/* Common macros */
#define LAPPEND_STR(interp, obj, text, value, size) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(value, size)); \
    int y=0,M=0,d=0,h=0,m=0,s=0;

    i=tm->length;
    v=(char *)tm->data;

    if (i < 10) goto err;
    if (v[i-1] == 'Z') gmt=1;
    for (i=0; i<10; i++)
}
#define LAPPEND_INT(interp, obj, text, value) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewIntObj(value)); \
}
#define LAPPEND_LONG(interp, obj, text, value) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewLongObj(value)); \
        if ((v[i] > '9') || (v[i] < '0')) goto err;
    y= (v[0]-'0')*10+(v[1]-'0');
    if (y < 70) y+=100;
    M= (v[2]-'0')*10+(v[3]-'0');
}
#define LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, obj, text, value) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewBooleanObj(value)); \
    if ((M > 12) || (M < 1)) goto err;
    d= (v[4]-'0')*10+(v[5]-'0');
    h= (v[6]-'0')*10+(v[7]-'0');
    m=  (v[8]-'0')*10+(v[9]-'0');
    if ((v[10] >= '0') && (v[10] <= '9') && (v[11] >= '0') && (v[11] <= '9'))
        s=  (v[10]-'0')*10+(v[11]-'0');

}
    sprintf(bp,"%s %2d %02d:%02d:%02d %d%s", mon[M-1],d,h,m,s,y+1900,(gmt)?" GMT":"");
    return bp;
 err:
    return "Bad time value";
#define LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, obj, text, listObj) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, listObj); \
}

/*
 * Binary string to hex string
 */
int String_to_Hex(char* input, int len, char *output, int max) {
int String_to_Hex(char* input, int ilen, char *output, int olen) {
    int count = 0;

    for (int i = 0; i < len && count < max - 1; i++, count += 2) {
    for (int i = 0; i < ilen && count < olen - 1; i++, count += 2) {
	sprintf(output + count, "%02X", input[i] & 0xff);
    }
    output[count] = 0;
    return count;
}

/*
 * BIO to Buffer
 */
int BIO_to_Buffer(int result, BIO *bio, void *buffer, int size) {
    int len = 0;
    int pending = BIO_pending(bio);

    if (result) {
	len = BIO_read(bio, buffer, (pending < size) ? pending : size);
	(void)BIO_flush(bio);
	if (len < 0) {
	    len = 0;
	}
    }
    return len;
}

/*
 * Get X509 Certificate Extensions
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Extensions(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *exts;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (exts = X509_get0_extensions(cert)) {
	for (int i=0; i < X509_get_ext_count(cert); i++) {
	    X509_EXTENSION *ex = sk_X509_EXTENSION_value(exts, i);
	    ASN1_OBJECT *obj = X509_EXTENSION_get_object(ex);
	    /* ASN1_OCTET_STRING *data = X509_EXTENSION_get_data(ex); */
	    int critical = X509_EXTENSION_get_critical(ex);
	    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, listPtr, OBJ_nid2ln(OBJ_obj2nid(obj)), critical);
	}
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Authority and Subject Key Identifiers
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Identifier(ASN1_OCTET_STRING *astring) {
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr = NULL;
    int len = 0;
    char buffer[1024];

    if (astring != NULL) {
	len = String_to_Hex((char *)ASN1_STRING_get0_data(astring),
	    ASN1_STRING_length(astring), buffer, 1024);
    }
    resultPtr = Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len);
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Key Usage
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509KeyUsage(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert, uint32_t xflags) {
    uint32_t usage = X509_get_key_usage(cert);
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if ((xflags & EXFLAG_KUSAGE) && usage < UINT32_MAX) {
	if (usage & KU_DIGITAL_SIGNATURE) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Digital Signature", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_NON_REPUDIATION) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Non-Repudiation", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_KEY_ENCIPHERMENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Key Encipherment", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_DATA_ENCIPHERMENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Data Encipherment", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_KEY_AGREEMENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Key Agreement", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_KEY_CERT_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Certificate Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_CRL_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("CRL Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_ENCIPHER_ONLY) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Encipher Only", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_DECIPHER_ONLY) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Decipher Only", -1));
	}
    } else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("unrestricted", -1));
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Certificate Purpose
 */
char *Tls_x509Purpose(X509 *cert) {
    char *purpose = NULL;

    if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SSL_CLIENT, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SSL Client";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SSL_SERVER, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SSL Server";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_NS_SSL_SERVER, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "MSS SSL Server";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SMIME_SIGN, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SMIME Signing";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SMIME_ENCRYPT, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SMIME Encryption";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_CRL_SIGN, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "CRL Signing";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_ANY, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "Any";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_OCSP_HELPER, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "OCSP Helper";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_TIMESTAMP_SIGN, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "Timestamp Signing";
    } else {
	purpose = "";
    }
    return purpose;
}

/*
 * For each purpose, get certificate applicability
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Purposes(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    X509_PURPOSE *ptmp;

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < X509_PURPOSE_get_count(); i++) {
	ptmp = X509_PURPOSE_get0(i);
	Tcl_Obj *tmpPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

	for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
	    int idret = X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_get_id(ptmp), j);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, tmpPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(j ? "CA" : "nonCA", -1));
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, tmpPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(idret == 1 ? "Yes" : "No", -1));
	}
	LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, listPtr, X509_PURPOSE_get0_name(ptmp), tmpPtr);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Subject Alternate Names (SAN) and Issuer Alternate Names
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Names(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert, int nid, BIO *bio) {
    STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *names;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    int len;
    char buffer[1024];

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (names = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, nid, NULL, NULL)) {
	for (int i=0; i < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(names); i++) {
	    const GENERAL_NAME *name = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(names, i);

	    len = BIO_to_Buffer(name && GENERAL_NAME_print(bio, name), bio, buffer, 1024);
	    LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, buffer, len);
	}
	sk_GENERAL_NAME_pop_free(names, GENERAL_NAME_free);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get EXtended Key Usage
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509ExtKeyUsage(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert, uint32_t xflags) {
    uint32_t usage = X509_get_key_usage(cert);
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if ((xflags & EXFLAG_XKUSAGE) && usage < UINT32_MAX) {
	usage = X509_get_extended_key_usage(cert);

	if (usage & XKU_SSL_SERVER) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("TLS Web Server Authentication", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_SSL_CLIENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("TLS Web Client Authentication", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_SMIME) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("E-mail Protection", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_CODE_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Code Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_SGC) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("SGC", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_OCSP_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("OCSP Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_TIMESTAMP) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Time Stamping", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_DVCS ) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("DVCS", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_ANYEKU) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Any Extended Key Usage", -1));
	}
    } else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("unrestricted", -1));
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get CRL Distribution Points
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509CrlDp(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    STACK_OF(DIST_POINT) *crl;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (crl = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, NID_crl_distribution_points, NULL, NULL)) {
	for (int i=0; i < sk_DIST_POINT_num(crl); i++) {
	    DIST_POINT *dp = sk_DIST_POINT_value(crl, i);
	    DIST_POINT_NAME *distpoint = dp->distpoint;

	    if (distpoint->type == 0) {
		/* full-name GENERALIZEDNAME */
		for (int j = 0; j < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(distpoint->name.fullname); j++) {
		    GENERAL_NAME *gen = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(distpoint->name.fullname, j);
		    int type;
		    ASN1_STRING *uri = GENERAL_NAME_get0_value(gen, &type);
		    if (type == GEN_URI) {
			LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, ASN1_STRING_get0_data(uri), ASN1_STRING_length(uri));
		    }
		}
	    } else if (distpoint->type == 1) {
		/* relative-name X509NAME */
		STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *sk_relname = distpoint->name.relativename;
		for (int j = 0; j < sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(sk_relname); j++) {
		    X509_NAME_ENTRY *e = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_value(sk_relname, j);
		    ASN1_STRING *d = X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_data(e);
		    LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, ASN1_STRING_data(d), ASN1_STRING_length(d));
		}
	    }
	}
	CRL_DIST_POINTS_free(crl);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get On-line Certificate Status Protocol (OSCP) URL
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Oscp(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    STACK_OF(OPENSSL_STRING) *ocsp;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (ocsp = X509_get1_ocsp(cert)) {
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_OPENSSL_STRING_num(ocsp); i++) {
	    LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, sk_OPENSSL_STRING_value(ocsp, i), -1);
	}
	X509_email_free(ocsp);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Certificate Authority (CA) Issuers URL
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509CaIssuers(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    STACK_OF(ACCESS_DESCRIPTION) *ads;
    ACCESS_DESCRIPTION *ad;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    unsigned char *buf;
    int len;

    if (ads = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, NID_info_access, NULL, NULL)) {
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_num(ads); i++) {
	    ad = sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_value(ads, i);
	    if (OBJ_obj2nid(ad->method) == NID_ad_ca_issuers && ad->location) {
		if (ad->location->type == GEN_URI) {
		    len = ASN1_STRING_to_UTF8(&buf, ad->location->d.uniformResourceIdentifier);
		    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buf, len));
		    OPENSSL_free(buf);
		    break;
		}
	    }
	}
	/* sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_pop_free(ads, ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_free); */
	AUTHORITY_INFO_ACCESS_free(ads);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 *------------------------------------------------------*
 *
 *	Tls_NewX509Obj --
 *
 *	------------------------------------------------*
 *	Converts a X509 certificate into a Tcl_Obj
 *	------------------------------------------------*
 *
 *	Sideeffects:
 *	Side effects:
 *		None
 *
 *	Result:
 *		A Tcl List Object representing the provided
 *		X509 certificate.
 *
 *------------------------------------------------------*
 */

#define CERT_STR_SIZE 32768

Tcl_Obj*
Tls_NewX509Obj(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    Tcl_Obj *certPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    BIO *bio;
    int n;
    unsigned long flags;
    BIO *bio = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
    int mdnid, pknid, bits, len;
    uint32_t xflags;
    char subject[BUFSIZ];
    char issuer[BUFSIZ];
    char serial[BUFSIZ];
    char notBefore[BUFSIZ];
    char notAfter[BUFSIZ];
    char buffer[BUFSIZ];
    char certStr[CERT_STR_SIZE], *certStr_p;
    int certStr_len, toRead;
    unsigned char sha1_hash_binary[SHA_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    unsigned char md[EVP_MAX_MD_SIZE];
    unsigned char sha256_hash_binary[SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    int nid, pknid, bits, num_of_exts, len;
    uint32_t xflags;
    STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *san;

    certStr[0] = 0;
    if ((bio = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem())) == NULL) {
	subject[0] = 0;
	issuer[0]  = 0;
	serial[0]  = 0;
    } else {
	flags = XN_FLAG_RFC2253 | ASN1_STRFLGS_UTF8_CONVERT;
	flags &= ~ASN1_STRFLGS_ESC_MSB;
    unsigned long flags = XN_FLAG_RFC2253 | ASN1_STRFLGS_UTF8_CONVERT;
    flags &= ~ASN1_STRFLGS_ESC_MSB;

	X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_subject_name(cert), 0, flags);
	n = BIO_read(bio, subject, min(BIO_pending(bio), BUFSIZ - 1));
	n = max(n, 0);
	subject[n] = 0;
    if (interp == NULL || cert == NULL || bio == NULL || certPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

	(void)BIO_flush(bio);

	X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_issuer_name(cert), 0, flags);
	n = BIO_read(bio, issuer, min(BIO_pending(bio), BUFSIZ - 1));
	n = max(n, 0);
	issuer[n] = 0;
	(void)BIO_flush(bio);
    /* Signature algorithm and value - RFC 5280 section 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.3 */
    /* signatureAlgorithm is the id of the cryptographic algorithm used by the
	CA to sign this cert. signatureValue is the digital signature computed
	upon the ASN.1 DER encoded tbsCertificate. */
    {
	const X509_ALGOR *sig_alg;
	const ASN1_BIT_STRING *sig;
	int sig_nid;

	X509_get0_signature(&sig, &sig_alg, cert);
	/* sig_nid = X509_get_signature_nid(cert) */
	sig_nid = OBJ_obj2nid(sig_alg->algorithm);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signatureAlgorithm", OBJ_nid2ln(sig_nid), -1);
	len = (sig_nid != NID_undef) ? String_to_Hex(sig->data, sig->length, buffer, BUFSIZ) : 0;
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signatureValue", buffer, len);
    }

    /* Version of the encoded certificate - RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.1 */
    LAPPEND_LONG(interp, certPtr, "version", X509_get_version(cert)+1);

    /* Unique number assigned by CA to certificate - RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.2 */
	i2a_ASN1_INTEGER(bio, X509_get0_serialNumber(cert));
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(i2a_ASN1_INTEGER(bio, X509_get0_serialNumber(cert)), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	n = BIO_read(bio, serial, min(BIO_pending(bio), BUFSIZ - 1));
	n = max(n, 0);
	serial[n] = 0;
	(void)BIO_flush(bio);

    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "serialNumber", buffer, len);
        /* Get certificate */
        if (PEM_write_bio_X509(bio, cert)) {
            certStr_p = certStr;
            certStr_len = 0;
            while (1) {
                toRead = min(BIO_pending(bio), CERT_STR_SIZE - certStr_len - 1);
                toRead = min(toRead, BUFSIZ);
                if (toRead == 0) {
                    break;
                }
                dprintf("Reading %i bytes from the certificate...", toRead);

    /* Signature algorithm used by the CA to sign the certificate. Must match
                n = BIO_read(bio, certStr_p, toRead);
                if (n <= 0) {
                    break;
                }
                certStr_len += n;
                certStr_p   += n;
            }
            *certStr_p = '\0';
            (void)BIO_flush(bio);
        }

	signatureAlgorithm. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.3 */
	/* All */
	if (X509_print_ex(bio, cert, flags, 0)) {
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signature", OBJ_nid2ln(X509_get_signature_nid(cert)), -1);
	    char all[65536];
	    n = BIO_read(bio, all, min(BIO_pending(bio), 65535));
	    n = max(n, 0);
	    all[n] = 0;
	    (void)BIO_flush(bio);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("all", -1));
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(all, n));
	}


    /* Issuer identifies the entity that signed and issued the cert. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.4 */
	BIO_free(bio);
    }

    len = BIO_to_Buffer(X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_issuer_name(cert), 0, flags), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "issuer", buffer, len);

    /* Certificate validity period is the interval the CA warrants that it will
    strcpy(notBefore, ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr(X509_get0_notBefore(cert)));
    strcpy(notAfter, ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr(X509_get0_notAfter(cert)));

    /* Version */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("version", -1));
	maintain info on the status of the certificate. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.5 */
    /* Get Validity - Not Before */
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(ASN1_TIME_print(bio, X509_get0_notBefore(cert)), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "notBefore", buffer, len);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewLongObj(X509_get_version(cert)+1));

    /* Signature algorithm */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signature", -1));
    /* Get Validity - Not After */
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(ASN1_TIME_print(bio, X509_get0_notAfter(cert)), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "notAfter", buffer, len);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(X509_get_signature_nid(cert)),-1));
 

    /* SHA1 Fingerprint of cert - DER representation */
    X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha1(), sha1_hash_binary, &len);
    len = String_to_Hex(sha1_hash_binary, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("sha1_hash", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
    /* Subject identifies the entity associated with the public key stored in
	the subject public key field. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.6 */
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_subject_name(cert), 0, flags), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "subject", buffer, len);

    /* SHA256 Fingerprint of cert - DER representation */
    X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha256(), sha256_hash_binary, &len);
    len = String_to_Hex(sha256_hash_binary, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    /* SHA1 Digest (Fingerprint) of cert - DER representation */
    if (X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha1(), md, &len)) {
    len = String_to_Hex(md, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("sha256_hash", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));

	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "sha1_hash", buffer, len);
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subject", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(subject, -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("issuer", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(issuer, -1));

    /* SHA256 Digest (Fingerprint) of cert - DER representation */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("notBefore", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(notBefore, -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("notAfter", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(notAfter, -1));

    if (X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha256(), md, &len)) {
    len = String_to_Hex(md, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "sha256_hash", buffer, len);
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("serialNumber", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(serial, -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("certificate", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(certStr, -1));

    /* Subject Public Key Info specifies the public key and identifies the
    num_of_exts = X509_get_ext_count(cert);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("num_extensions", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(num_of_exts));

	algorithm with which the key is used. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.7 */
    /* Information about the signature of certificate cert */
    if (X509_get_signature_info(cert, &nid, &pknid, &bits, &xflags) == 1) {
    if (X509_get_signature_info(cert, &mdnid, &pknid, &bits, &xflags)) {
	ASN1_BIT_STRING *key;
	unsigned int n;

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signingDigest", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid),-1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("publicKeyAlgorithm", -1));
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signingDigest", OBJ_nid2ln(mdnid), -1);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "publicKeyAlgorithm", OBJ_nid2ln(pknid), -1);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(pknid),-1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(bits));
	LAPPEND_INT(interp, certPtr, "bits", bits); /* Effective security bits */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("extension_flags", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(xflags));
	

	/* Public key - X509_get0_pubkey */
	key = X509_get0_pubkey_bitstr(cert);
	len = String_to_Hex(key->data, key->length, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("publicKey", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
	
	/* Check if cert was issued by CA cert issuer or self signed */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("self_signed", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewBooleanObj(X509_check_issued(cert, cert) == X509_V_OK));
    }
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "publicKey", buffer, len);

	len = 0;
	if (X509_pubkey_digest(cert, EVP_get_digestbynid(pknid), md, &n)) {
	    len = String_to_Hex(md, (int)n, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	}
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "publicKeyHash", buffer, len);

	/* digest of the DER representation of the certificate */
	len = 0;
	if (X509_digest(cert, EVP_get_digestbynid(mdnid), md, &n)) {
	    len = String_to_Hex(md, (int)n, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	}
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signatureHash", buffer, len);
    }

    /* Certificate Purpose. Call before checking for extensions. */
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "purpose", Tls_x509Purpose(cert), -1);
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "certificatePurpose", Tls_x509Purposes(interp, cert));

    /* Get extensions flags */
    xflags = X509_get_extension_flags(cert);
    LAPPEND_INT(interp, certPtr, "extFlags", xflags);

	/* Check if cert was issued by CA cert issuer or self signed */
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "selfIssued", xflags & EXFLAG_SI);
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "selfSigned", xflags & EXFLAG_SS);
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "isProxyCert", xflags & EXFLAG_PROXY);
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "extInvalid", xflags & EXFLAG_INVALID);
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "isCACert", X509_check_ca(cert));
    /* Unique Ids */

    /* The Unique Ids are used to handle the possibility of reuse of subject
	and/or issuer names over time. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.8 */
    {
	const ASN1_BIT_STRING *iuid, *suid;
        X509_get0_uids(cert, &iuid, &suid);

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("issuerUniqueId", -1));
	if (iuid != NULL) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj((char *)iuid->data, iuid->length));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subjectUniqueId", -1));
	if (suid != NULL) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj((char *)suid->data, suid->length));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}
    }

    /* Get extensions */
    /* X509 v3 Extensions - RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.9 */
    if (num_of_exts > 0) {
	Tcl_Obj *extsPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
	const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *exts;
	exts = X509_get0_extensions(cert);
    LAPPEND_INT(interp, certPtr, "extCount", X509_get_ext_count(cert));
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "extensions", Tls_x509Extensions(interp, cert));

    /* Authority Key Identifier (AKI) is the Subject Key Identifier (SKI) of
	its signer (the CA). RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.1, NID_authority_key_identifier */
	for (int i=0; i < num_of_exts; i++) {
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "authorityKeyIdentifier",
	    X509_EXTENSION *ex = sk_X509_EXTENSION_value(exts, i);
	    ASN1_OBJECT *obj = X509_EXTENSION_get_object(ex);
	Tls_x509Identifier(X509_get0_authority_key_id(cert)));
	    unsigned nid2 = OBJ_obj2nid(obj);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, extsPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid2), -1));
	}

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("extensions", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, extsPtr);
    }
    /* Subject Key Identifier (SKI) is used to identify certificates that contain
	a particular public key. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.2, NID_subject_key_identifier */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "subjectKeyIdentifier",
	Tls_x509Identifier(X509_get0_subject_key_id(cert)));

    /* Key usage extension defines the purpose (e.g., encipherment, signature, certificate
	signing) of the key in the certificate. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.3, NID_key_usage */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "keyUsage", Tls_x509KeyUsage(interp, cert, xflags));

    /* Subject Alternative Name (SAN) extension. Additional host names for a single SSL certificate. */
    /* Certificate Policies - indicates the issuing CA considers its issuerDomainPolicy
    san = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, NID_subject_alt_name, NULL, NULL);
    if (san) {
	Tcl_Obj *namesPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

	equivalent to the subject CA's subjectDomainPolicy. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.4, NID_certificate_policies */
    if (xflags & EXFLAG_INVALID_POLICY) {
	for (int i=0; i < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(san); i++)         {
	    const GENERAL_NAME *name = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(san, i);
	    size_t len2;

	/* Reject cert */
    }
	    if (name) {
		if (name->type == GEN_DNS) {
		    char *dns_name;
		    if ((len2 = ASN1_STRING_to_UTF8(&dns_name, name->d.dNSName)) > 0) {
			Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, namesPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(dns_name, (int)len2));
			OPENSSL_free (dns_name);
		    }

		} else if (name->type == GEN_IPADD) {
		    /* name->d.iPAddress */
		}
	    }
    /* Policy Mappings - RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.5, NID_policy_mappings */

    /* Subject Alternative Name (SAN) contains additional URLs, DNS names, or IP
	addresses bound to certificate. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.6, NID_subject_alt_name */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "subjectAltName", Tls_x509Names(interp, cert, NID_subject_alt_name, bio));

	}
	sk_GENERAL_NAME_pop_free(san, GENERAL_NAME_free);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subjectAltName", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, namesPtr);
    }

    /* Issuer Alternative Name is used to associate Internet style identities
	with the certificate issuer. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.7, NID_issuer_alt_name */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "issuerAltName", Tls_x509Names(interp, cert, NID_issuer_alt_name, bio));

    /* Subject Directory Attributes provides identification attributes (e.g., nationality)
    /* Certificate Alias  */
    {
	unsigned char *bstring;
	of the subject. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.8 (subjectDirectoryAttributes) */

    /* Basic Constraints identifies whether the subject of the cert is a CA and
	the max depth of valid cert paths for this cert. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.9, NID_basic_constraints */
    if (!(xflags & EXFLAG_PROXY)) {
	len = 0;
	bstring = X509_alias_get0(cert, &len);
	len = String_to_Hex(bstring, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("alias", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
	LAPPEND_LONG(interp, certPtr, "pathLen", X509_get_pathlen(cert));
    } else {
	LAPPEND_LONG(interp, certPtr, "pathLen", X509_get_proxy_pathlen(cert));
    }

    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "basicConstraintsCA", xflags & EXFLAG_CA);
    /* Get Subject Key id, Authority Key id */
    {

	ASN1_OCTET_STRING *astring;
	/* X509_keyid_get0 */
	astring = X509_get0_subject_key_id(cert);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subjectKeyIdentifier", -1));
	if (astring != NULL) {
	    len = String_to_Hex((char *)ASN1_STRING_get0_data(astring), ASN1_STRING_length(astring), buffer, BUFSIZ);
    /* Name Constraints is only used in CA certs to indicate the name space for
	all subject names in subsequent certificates in a certification path
	MUST be located. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.10, NID_name_constraints */

    /* Policy Constraints is only used in CA certs to limit the length of a
	cert chain for that CA. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.11, NID_policy_constraints */
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(buffer, len));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}

    /* Extended Key Usage indicates the purposes the certified public key may be
	used, beyond the basic purposes. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.12, NID_ext_key_usage */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "extendedKeyUsage", Tls_x509ExtKeyUsage(interp, cert, xflags));

	astring = X509_get0_authority_key_id(cert);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("authorityKeyIdentifier", -1));
    /* CRL Distribution Points identifies where CRL information can be obtained.
	if (astring != NULL) {
	    len = String_to_Hex((char *)ASN1_STRING_get0_data(astring), ASN1_STRING_length(astring), buffer, BUFSIZ);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(buffer, len));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}
	
	RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.13*/
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "crlDistributionPoints", Tls_x509CrlDp(interp, cert));

    /* Freshest CRL extension */
    if (xflags & EXFLAG_FRESHEST) {
    }
	/*  const GENERAL_NAMES *X509_get0_authority_issuer(cert);
	const ASN1_INTEGER *X509_get0_authority_serial(cert); */
    }

    /* Authority Information Access indicates how to access info and services
	for the certificate issuer. RFC 5280 section 4.2.2.1, NID_info_access */

    /* Get OSCP URL */
    {
    /* Get On-line Certificate Status Protocol (OSCP) Responders URL */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "ocspResponders", Tls_x509Oscp(interp, cert));

	STACK_OF(OPENSSL_STRING) *str_stack = X509_get1_ocsp(cert);
	Tcl_Obj *urlsPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    /* Get Certificate Authority (CA) Issuers URL */
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_OPENSSL_STRING_num(str_stack); i++) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, urlsPtr,
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "caIssuers", Tls_x509CaIssuers(interp, cert));
		Tcl_NewStringObj(sk_OPENSSL_STRING_value(str_stack, i), -1));
	}

    /* Subject Information Access - RFC 5280 section 4.2.2.2, NID_sinfo_access */

    /* Certificate Alias. If uses a PKCS#12 structure, alias will reflect the
	friendlyName attribute (RFC 2985). */
    {
	len = 0;
	X509_email_free(str_stack);
        char *string = X509_alias_get0(cert, &len);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("ocsp", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, urlsPtr);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "alias", string, len);
    }
 

    /* Signature algorithm and value */
    /* Certificate and dump all data */
    {
	const X509_ALGOR *sig_alg;
	const ASN1_BIT_STRING *sig;
	char certStr[CERT_STR_SIZE];
	int sig_nid;

	X509_get0_signature(&sig, &sig_alg, cert);
	/* Get certificate */
	/* sig_nid = X509_get_signature_nid(cert) */
	sig_nid = OBJ_obj2nid(sig_alg->algorithm);

	len = BIO_to_Buffer(PEM_write_bio_X509(bio, cert), bio, certStr, CERT_STR_SIZE);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureAlgorithm", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(sig_nid),-1));
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "certificate", certStr, len);

	/* Get all cert info */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureValue", -1));
	len = BIO_to_Buffer(X509_print_ex(bio, cert, flags, 0), bio, certStr, CERT_STR_SIZE);
	if (sig_nid != NID_undef) {
	    len = String_to_Hex(sig->data, sig->length, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "all", certStr, len);
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}
    }

    }

    BIO_free(bio);
    return certPtr;
}