Changes On Branch 2186b8638583837d
EuroTcl/OpenACS 11 - 12 JULY 2024, VIENNA

Changes In Branch status_x509 Through [2186b86385] Excluding Merge-Ins

This is equivalent to a diff from dbe759a0f2 to 2186b86385

2023-09-01
21:57
Merged status and X509 updates branch into master check-in: 3432ab03a3 user: bohagan tags: trunk
2023-08-28
01:56
Added load CA file comments check-in: d4b5b9bd2a user: bohagan tags: status_x509
2023-08-20
19:45
Moved X509 functions to separate procedures. check-in: 2186b86385 user: bohagan tags: status_x509
2023-08-19
22:14
Added CA Issuers URL to X509 status check-in: 3b068ff2f6 user: bohagan tags: status_x509
2023-07-30
03:39
Merged master into branch check-in: 739742d3d4 user: bohagan tags: status_x509
03:21
Merged errors_and_callbacks branch into master check-in: dbe759a0f2 user: bohagan tags: trunk
02:53
Updated default callbacks in tls.tcl file Leaf check-in: cdb51c799e user: bohagan tags: errors_and_callbacks
2023-07-16
15:05
Merge status and X509 updates branch check-in: 1924dcd361 user: bohagan tags: trunk

Modified doc/tls.html from [3c88bc4018] to [9494c1c42e].

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	<dt><strong>protocol</strong> <em>version</em></dt>
	<dd>The protocol version used for the connection:
	    SSL2, SSL3, TLS1, TLS1.1, TLS1.2, TLS1.3, or unknown.</dd>
	<dt><strong>sbits</strong> <em>n</em></dt>
	<dd>The number of bits used for the session key.</dd>
	<dt><strong>signatureHashAlgorithm</strong> <em>algorithm</em></dt>
	<dd>The signature hash algorithm.</dd>
	<dt><strong>signature_type</strong> <em>type</em></dt>
	<dt><strong>signatureType</strong> <em>type</em></dt>
	<dd>The signature type value.</dd>
	<dt><strong>verifyDepth</strong> <em>n</em></dt>
	<dd>Maximum depth for the certificate chain verification.
	    Default is -1, to check all.</dd>
	<dt><strong>verifyMode</strong> <em>list</em></dt>
	<dd>List of certificate verification modes.</dd>
	<dt><strong>verification</strong> <em>result</em></dt>
	<dt><strong>verifyResult</strong> <em>result</em></dt>
	<dd>Certificate verification result.</dd>
	<dt><strong>ca_names</strong> <em>list</em></dt>
	<dd>List of the Certificate Authorities used to create the certificate.</dd>
    </dl>
</blockquote>
<blockquote>
	<b>Certificate Status</b>

Modified generic/tls.c from [b314eff29c] to [4969f5a74b].

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 * Side effects:
 *	Evaluates callback command
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static int
EvalCallback(Tcl_Interp *interp, State *statePtr, Tcl_Obj *cmdPtr) {
    int code, ok;
    int code, ok = 0;

    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) interp);
    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) statePtr);

    /* Eval callback with success for ok or return value 1, fail for error or return value 0 */
    Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
    code = Tcl_EvalObjEx(interp, cmdPtr, TCL_EVAL_GLOBAL);
    if (code == TCL_OK) {
	/* Check result for return value */
	Tcl_Obj *result = Tcl_GetObjResult(interp);
	if (result == NULL || Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, result, &ok) != TCL_OK) {
	    ok = 1;
	}
    } else {
	/* Error - reject the certificate */
	ok = 0;
#if (TCL_MAJOR_VERSION == 8) && (TCL_MINOR_VERSION < 6)
	Tcl_BackgroundError(interp);
#else
	Tcl_BackgroundException(interp, code);
#endif
    }

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    if (statePtr->vcmd == (Tcl_Obj*)NULL) {
	if (statePtr->vflags & SSL_VERIFY_FAIL_IF_NO_PEER_CERT) {
	    return ok;
	} else {
	    return 1;
	}
    } else if (cert == NULL || ssl == NULL) {
	return 0;
    }

    /* Create command to eval */
    cmdPtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(statePtr->vcmd);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, cmdPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verify", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, cmdPtr,
	Tcl_NewStringObj(Tcl_GetChannelName(statePtr->self), -1));
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    const unsigned char *p;
    size_t len, remaining;

    dprintf("Called");

    if (statePtr->vcmd == (Tcl_Obj*)NULL) {
	return SSL_CLIENT_HELLO_SUCCESS;
    } else if (ssl == NULL || arg == NULL) {
    } else if (ssl == (const SSL *)NULL || arg == (void *)NULL) {
	return SSL_CLIENT_HELLO_ERROR;
    }

    /* Get names */
    if (!SSL_client_hello_get0_ext(ssl, TLSEXT_TYPE_server_name, &p, &remaining) || remaining <= 2) {
	*alert = SSL_R_SSLV3_ALERT_ILLEGAL_PARAMETER;
	return SSL_CLIENT_HELLO_ERROR;
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CiphersObjCmd(ClientData clientData, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *const objv[]) {
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr = NULL;
    SSL_CTX *ctx = NULL;
    SSL *ssl = NULL;
    STACK_OF(SSL_CIPHER) *sk;
    char *cp, buf[BUFSIZ];
    int index, verbose = 0, use_supported = 0;
    const SSL_METHOD *method;

    dprintf("Called");

    if ((objc < 2) || (objc > 4)) {
	Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "protocol ?verbose? ?supported?");
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }
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    switch ((enum protocol)index) {
	case TLS_SSL2:
#if OPENSSL_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x10100000L || defined(NO_SSL2) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_SSL2)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv2_method()); break;
	    method = SSLv2_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_SSL3:
#if defined(NO_SSL3) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_SSL3) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_SSL3_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv3_method()); break;
	    method = SSLv3_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1:
#if defined(NO_TLS1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_method()); break;
	    method = TLSv1_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1_1:
#if defined(NO_TLS1_1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_1) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_1_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_1_method()); break;
	    method = TLSv1_1_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1_2:
#if defined(NO_TLS1_2) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_2) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_2_METHOD)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_2_method()); break;
	    method = TLSv1_2_method(); break;
#endif
	case TLS_TLS1_3:
#if defined(NO_TLS1_3) || defined(OPENSSL_NO_TLS1_3)
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, protocols[index], ": protocol not supported", NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
#else
	    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLS_method());
	    method = TLS_method();
	    SSL_CTX_set_min_proto_version(ctx, TLS1_3_VERSION);
	    SSL_CTX_set_max_proto_version(ctx, TLS1_3_VERSION);
	    break;
#endif
	default:
	    method = TLS_method();
	    break;
    }

    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(method);
    if (ctx == NULL) {
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, REASON(), NULL);
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    ssl = SSL_new(ctx);
    if (ssl == NULL) {
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    /* Get certificate for peer or self */
    if (objc == 2) {
	peer = SSL_get_peer_certificate(statePtr->ssl);
    } else {
	peer = SSL_get_certificate(statePtr->ssl);
    }
    /* Get X509 certificate info */
    if (peer) {
	objPtr = Tls_NewX509Obj(interp, peer);
	if (objc == 2) { X509_free(peer); }
	if (objc == 2) {
	    X509_free(peer);
	    peer = NULL;
	}
    } else {
	objPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    }

    /* Peer cert chain (client only) */
    STACK_OF(X509)* ssl_certs = SSL_get_peer_cert_chain(statePtr->ssl);
    if (!peer && (ssl_certs == NULL || sk_X509_num(ssl_certs) == 0)) {
    if (ssl_certs == NULL || sk_X509_num(ssl_certs) == 0) {
	Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TLS", "STATUS", "CERTIFICATE", (char *) NULL);
	Tcl_IncrRefCount(objPtr);
	Tcl_DecrRefCount(objPtr);
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /* Peer name from cert */
    /* Peer name */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("peername", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_get0_peername(statePtr->ssl), -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("sbits", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(SSL_get_cipher_bits(statePtr->ssl, NULL)));

    ciphers = (char*)SSL_get_cipher(statePtr->ssl);
    if ((ciphers != NULL) && (strcmp(ciphers, "(NONE)") != 0)) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("cipher", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(ciphers, -1));
    }

    /* Verify the X509 certificate presented by the peer */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verification", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verifyResult", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr,
	Tcl_NewStringObj(X509_verify_cert_error_string(SSL_get_verify_result(statePtr->ssl)), -1));

    /* Verify mode */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verifyMode", -1));
    /* SSL_CTX_get_verify_mode(ctx) */
    mode = SSL_get_verify_mode(statePtr->ssl);
    if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_NONE) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("none", -1));
    } else {
	Tcl_Obj *listObjPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_PEER) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("peer", -1));
	}
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_FAIL_IF_NO_PEER_CERT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("fail if no peer cert", -1));
	}
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_CLIENT_ONCE) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("client once", -1));
	}
	if (mode && SSL_VERIFY_POST_HANDSHAKE) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listObjPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("post handshake", -1));
	}
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, listObjPtr);
    }

    /* Verify mode depth */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("verifyDepth", -1));
    /* SSL_CTX_get_verify_depth(ctx) */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(SSL_get_verify_depth(statePtr->ssl)));

    /* Report the selected protocol as a result of the negotiation */
    SSL_get0_alpn_selected(statePtr->ssl, &proto, &len);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("alpn", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj((char *)proto, (int) len));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("protocol", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_get_version(statePtr->ssl), -1));

    /* Valid for non-RSA signature and TLS 1.3 */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureHashAlgorithm", -1));
    if (objc == 2 ? SSL_get_peer_signature_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid) : SSL_get_signature_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid)) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid), -1));
    } else {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signature_type", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureType", -1));
    if (objc == 2 ? SSL_get_peer_signature_type_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid) : SSL_get_signature_type_nid(statePtr->ssl, &nid)) {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid), -1));
    } else {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
    }

    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, objPtr);
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  *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int ConnectionInfoObjCmd(ClientData clientData, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *const objv[]) {
    Tcl_Channel chan;		/* The channel to set a mode on. */
    State *statePtr;		/* client state for ssl socket */
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr, *listPtr;
    const SSL *ssl;
    const SSL_CIPHER *cipher;
    const SSL_SESSION *session;
    const unsigned char *proto;
    long mode;

    if (objc != 2) {
	Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "channel");
	return(TCL_ERROR);
    }

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	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("cipher", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_CIPHER_get_name(cipher), -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("standard_name", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_CIPHER_standard_name(cipher), -1));

	bits = SSL_CIPHER_get_bits(cipher, &alg_bits);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("secret_bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(bits));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("secret_bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("algorithm_bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(alg_bits));
	/* alg_bits is actual key secret bits. If use bits and secret (algorithm) bits differ,
	   the rest of the bits are fixed, i.e. for limited export ciphers (bits < 56) */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("min_version", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(SSL_CIPHER_get_version(cipher), -1));

	/* Get OpenSSL-specific ID, not IANA ID */
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    /* Session info */
    session = SSL_get_session(ssl);
    if (session != NULL) {
	const unsigned char *ticket;
	size_t len2;
	unsigned int ulen;
	const unsigned char *session_id;
	const unsigned char *session_id, *proto;
	char buffer[SSL_MAX_MASTER_KEY_LENGTH];

	/* Report the selected protocol as a result of the ALPN negotiation */
	SSL_SESSION_get0_alpn_selected(session, &proto, &len2);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("alpn", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj((char *)proto, (int) len2));

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	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("timeout", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewLongObj(SSL_SESSION_get_timeout(session)));

	/* Session ticket lifetime hint (in seconds) */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("lifetime", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewLongObj(SSL_SESSION_get_ticket_lifetime_hint(session)));

	/* Session id */
	/* Session id - TLSv1.2 and below only */
	session_id = SSL_SESSION_get_id(session, &ulen);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_id", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(session_id, (int) ulen));

	/* Session context */
	session_id = SSL_SESSION_get0_id_context(session, &ulen);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_context", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(session_id, (int) ulen));

	/* Session ticket - client only */
	SSL_SESSION_get0_ticket(session, &ticket, &len2);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_ticket", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(ticket, (int) len2));

	/* Ticket app data */
	SSL_SESSION_get0_ticket_appdata(session, &ticket, &len2);
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	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("NONE", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("expansion", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("NONE", -1));
#endif
    }

    /* Server info */
    {
    mode = SSL_CTX_get_session_cache_mode(statePtr->ctx);
    if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_OFF) {
	proto = "off";
    } else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_CLIENT) {
	proto = "client";
    } else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_SERVER) {
	proto = "server";
    } else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_BOTH) {
	proto = "both";
    } else {
	proto = "unknown";
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_cache_mode", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(proto, -1));
	mode = SSL_CTX_get_session_cache_mode(statePtr->ctx);
	char *msg;
	
	if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_OFF) {
	    msg = "off";
	} else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_CLIENT) {
	    msg = "client";
	} else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_SERVER) {
	    msg = "server";
	} else if (mode & SSL_SESS_CACHE_BOTH) {
	    msg = "both";
	} else {
	    msg = "unknown";
	}
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("session_cache_mode", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(msg, -1));
    }

    /* CA List */
    /* IF not a server, same as SSL_get0_peer_CA_list. If server same as SSL_CTX_get_client_CA_list */
    listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    STACK_OF(X509_NAME) *ca_list;
    if ((ca_list = SSL_get_client_CA_list(ssl)) != NULL) {
	char buffer[BUFSIZ];
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_X509_NAME_num(ca_list); i++) {
	    X509_NAME *name = sk_X509_NAME_value(ca_list, i);
	    if (name) {
		X509_NAME_oneline(name, buffer, BUFSIZ);
		Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, -1));
	    }
	}
    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("caList", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, objPtr, listPtr);

    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, objPtr);
    return TCL_OK;
	clientData = clientData;
}

/*

Modified generic/tlsIO.c from [ede520a139] to [55240df165].

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	    dprintf("Asked to wait for a TLS handshake that has already failed.  Returning soft error");
	    *errorCodePtr = ECONNRESET;
	}
	return(-1);
    }

    for (;;) {
	/* Not initialized yet! */
	/* Not initialized yet! Also calls SSL_do_handshake. */
	if (statePtr->flags & TLS_TCL_SERVER) {
	    dprintf("Calling SSL_accept()");
	    err = SSL_accept(statePtr->ssl);

	} else {
	    dprintf("Calling SSL_connect()");
	    err = SSL_connect(statePtr->ssl);

Modified generic/tlsX509.c from [4adcfb41ce] to [c0c6da8f72].

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+


#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/sha.h>
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include <openssl/x509v3.h>
#include <openssl/asn1.h>
#include "tlsInt.h"

/*
 *  Ensure these are not macros - known to be defined on Win32
 */
#ifdef min
#undef min
#endif

/* Define maximum certificate size. Max PEM size 100kB and DER size is 24kB. */
#ifdef max
#undef max
#endif

#define CERT_STR_SIZE 32768
static int min(int a, int b)
{
    return (a < b) ? a : b;
}

static int max(int a, int b)
{
    return (a > b) ? a : b;
}

/*
 * ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr --
 */
static char *
ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr(ASN1_UTCTIME *tm)
{
    static char bp[128];
    char *v;

    int gmt=0;
    static char *mon[12]={
        "Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun", "Jul","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"};
    int i;
/* Common macros */
#define LAPPEND_STR(interp, obj, text, value, size) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(value, size)); \
    int y=0,M=0,d=0,h=0,m=0,s=0;

    i=tm->length;
    v=(char *)tm->data;

    if (i < 10) goto err;
    if (v[i-1] == 'Z') gmt=1;
    for (i=0; i<10; i++)
}
#define LAPPEND_INT(interp, obj, text, value) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewIntObj(value)); \
}
#define LAPPEND_LONG(interp, obj, text, value) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewLongObj(value)); \
        if ((v[i] > '9') || (v[i] < '0')) goto err;
    y= (v[0]-'0')*10+(v[1]-'0');
    if (y < 70) y+=100;
    M= (v[2]-'0')*10+(v[3]-'0');
}
#define LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, obj, text, value) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewBooleanObj(value)); \
    if ((M > 12) || (M < 1)) goto err;
    d= (v[4]-'0')*10+(v[5]-'0');
    h= (v[6]-'0')*10+(v[7]-'0');
    m=  (v[8]-'0')*10+(v[9]-'0');
    if ((v[10] >= '0') && (v[10] <= '9') && (v[11] >= '0') && (v[11] <= '9'))
        s=  (v[10]-'0')*10+(v[11]-'0');

}
    sprintf(bp,"%s %2d %02d:%02d:%02d %d%s", mon[M-1],d,h,m,s,y+1900,(gmt)?" GMT":"");
    return bp;
 err:
    return "Bad time value";
#define LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, obj, text, listObj) {\
    if (text != NULL) Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, Tcl_NewStringObj(text, -1)); \
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, obj, listObj); \
}

/*
 * Binary string to hex string
 */
int String_to_Hex(char* input, int len, char *output, int max) {
int String_to_Hex(char* input, int len, char *output, int size) {
    int count = 0;

    for (int i = 0; i < len && count < max - 1; i++, count += 2) {
    for (int i = 0; i < len && count < size - 1; i++, count += 2) {
	sprintf(output + count, "%02X", input[i] & 0xff);
    }
    output[count] = 0;
    return count;
}

/*
 * BIO to Buffer
 */
int BIO_to_Buffer(int result, BIO *bio, void *buffer, int size) {
    int len = 0;
    int pending = BIO_pending(bio);

    if (result) {
	len = BIO_read(bio, buffer, (pending < size) ? pending : size);
	(void)BIO_flush(bio);
	if (len < 0) {
	    len = 0;
	}
    }
    return len;
}

/*
 * Get X509 Certificate Extensions
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Extensions(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *exts;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (exts = X509_get0_extensions(cert)) {
	for (int i=0; i < X509_get_ext_count(cert); i++) {
	    X509_EXTENSION *ex = sk_X509_EXTENSION_value(exts, i);
	    ASN1_OBJECT *obj = X509_EXTENSION_get_object(ex);
	    /* ASN1_OCTET_STRING *data = X509_EXTENSION_get_data(ex); */
	    int critical = X509_EXTENSION_get_critical(ex);
	    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, listPtr, OBJ_nid2ln(OBJ_obj2nid(obj)), critical);
	}
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Authority and Subject Key Identifiers
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Identifier(ASN1_OCTET_STRING *astring) {
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr = NULL;
    int len = 0;
    char buffer[1024];

    if (astring != NULL) {
	len = String_to_Hex((char *)ASN1_STRING_get0_data(astring),
	    ASN1_STRING_length(astring), buffer, 1024);
    }
    resultPtr = Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len);
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Key Usage
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509KeyUsage(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert, uint32_t xflags) {
    uint32_t usage = X509_get_key_usage(cert);
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if ((xflags & EXFLAG_KUSAGE) && usage < 0xffffff) {
	if (usage & KU_DIGITAL_SIGNATURE) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Digital Signature", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_NON_REPUDIATION) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Non-Repudiation", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_KEY_ENCIPHERMENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Key Encipherment", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_DATA_ENCIPHERMENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Data Encipherment", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_KEY_AGREEMENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Key Agreement", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_KEY_CERT_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Certificate Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_CRL_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("CRL Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_ENCIPHER_ONLY) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Encipher Only", -1));
	}
	if (usage & KU_DECIPHER_ONLY) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Decipher Only", -1));
	}
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Certificate Purpose
 */
char *Tls_x509Purpose(X509 *cert) {
    char *purpose = NULL;

    if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SSL_CLIENT, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SSL Client";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SSL_SERVER, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SSL Server";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_NS_SSL_SERVER, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "MSS SSL Server";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SMIME_SIGN, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SMIME Signing";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_SMIME_ENCRYPT, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "SMIME Encryption";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_CRL_SIGN, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "CRL Signing";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_ANY, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "Any";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_OCSP_HELPER, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "OCSP Helper";
    } else if (X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_TIMESTAMP_SIGN, 0) > 0) {
	purpose = "Timestamp Signing";
    } else {
	purpose = "";
    }
    return purpose;
}

/*
 * For each purpose, get certificate applicability
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Purposes(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    X509_PURPOSE *ptmp;

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < X509_PURPOSE_get_count(); i++) {
	ptmp = X509_PURPOSE_get0(i);
	Tcl_Obj *tmpPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

	for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
	    int idret = X509_check_purpose(cert, X509_PURPOSE_get_id(ptmp), j);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, tmpPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(j ? "CA" : "nonCA", -1));
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, tmpPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(idret == 1 ? "Yes" : "No", -1));
	}
	LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, listPtr, X509_PURPOSE_get0_name(ptmp), tmpPtr);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Subject Alternate Names (SAN) and Issuer Alternate Names
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Names(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert, int nid, BIO *bio) {
    STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *names;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    int len;
    char buffer[1024];

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (names = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, nid, NULL, NULL)) {
	for (int i=0; i < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(names); i++) {
	    const GENERAL_NAME *name = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(names, i);

	    len = BIO_to_Buffer(name && GENERAL_NAME_print(bio, name), bio, buffer, 1024);
	    LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, buffer, len);
	}
	sk_GENERAL_NAME_pop_free(names, GENERAL_NAME_free);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get EXtended Key Usage
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509ExtKeyUsage(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert, uint32_t xflags) {
    uint32_t usage = X509_get_key_usage(cert);
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (xflags & EXFLAG_XKUSAGE) {
	usage = X509_get_extended_key_usage(cert);

	if (usage & XKU_SSL_SERVER) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("TLS Web Server Authentication", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_SSL_CLIENT) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("TLS Web Client Authentication", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_SMIME) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("E-mail Protection", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_CODE_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Code Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_SGC) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("SGC", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_OCSP_SIGN) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("OCSP Signing", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_TIMESTAMP) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Time Stamping", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_DVCS ) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("DVCS", -1));
	}
	if (usage & XKU_ANYEKU) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("Any Extended Key Usage", -1));
	}
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get CRL Distribution Points
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509CrlDp(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    STACK_OF(DIST_POINT) *crl;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (crl = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, NID_crl_distribution_points, NULL, NULL)) {
	for (int i=0; i < sk_DIST_POINT_num(crl); i++) {
	    DIST_POINT *dp = sk_DIST_POINT_value(crl, i);
	    DIST_POINT_NAME *distpoint = dp->distpoint;

	    if (distpoint->type == 0) {
		/* full-name GENERALIZEDNAME */
		for (int j = 0; j < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(distpoint->name.fullname); j++) {
		    GENERAL_NAME *gen = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(distpoint->name.fullname, j);
		    int type;
		    ASN1_STRING *uri = GENERAL_NAME_get0_value(gen, &type);
		    if (type == GEN_URI) {
			LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, ASN1_STRING_get0_data(uri), ASN1_STRING_length(uri));
		    }
		}
	    } else if (distpoint->type == 1) {
		/* relative-name X509NAME */
		STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *sk_relname = distpoint->name.relativename;
		for (int j = 0; j < sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(sk_relname); j++) {
		    X509_NAME_ENTRY *e = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_value(sk_relname, j);
		    ASN1_STRING *d = X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_data(e);
		    LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, ASN1_STRING_data(d), ASN1_STRING_length(d));
		}
	    }
	}
	CRL_DIST_POINTS_free(crl);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get On-line Certificate Status Protocol (OSCP) URL
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509Oscp(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    STACK_OF(OPENSSL_STRING) *ocsp;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    if (listPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

    if (ocsp = X509_get1_ocsp(cert)) {
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_OPENSSL_STRING_num(ocsp); i++) {
	    LAPPEND_STR(interp, listPtr, NULL, sk_OPENSSL_STRING_value(ocsp, i), -1);
	}
	X509_email_free(ocsp);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 * Get Certificate Authority (CA) Issuers URL
 */
Tcl_Obj *Tls_x509CaIssuers(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    STACK_OF(ACCESS_DESCRIPTION) *ads;
    ACCESS_DESCRIPTION *ad;
    Tcl_Obj *listPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    unsigned char *buf;
    int len;

    if (ads = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, NID_info_access, NULL, NULL)) {
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_num(ads); i++) {
	    ad = sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_value(ads, i);
	    if (OBJ_obj2nid(ad->method) == NID_ad_ca_issuers && ad->location) {
		if (ad->location->type == GEN_URI) {
		    len = ASN1_STRING_to_UTF8(&buf, ad->location->d.uniformResourceIdentifier);
		    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, listPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buf, len));
		    OPENSSL_free(buf);
		    break;
		}
	    }
	}
	/* sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_pop_free(ads, ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_free); */
	AUTHORITY_INFO_ACCESS_free(ads);
    }
    return listPtr;
}

/*
 *------------------------------------------------------*
 *
 *	Tls_NewX509Obj --
 *
 *	------------------------------------------------*
 *	Converts a X509 certificate into a Tcl_Obj
 *	------------------------------------------------*
 *
 *	Sideeffects:
 *	Side effects:
 *		None
 *
 *	Result:
 *		A Tcl List Object representing the provided
 *		X509 certificate.
 *
 *------------------------------------------------------*
 */

#define CERT_STR_SIZE 32768

Tcl_Obj*
Tls_NewX509Obj(Tcl_Interp *interp, X509 *cert) {
    Tcl_Obj *certPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    BIO *bio;
    int n;
    unsigned long flags;
    BIO *bio = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
    int mdnid, pknid, bits, len;
    uint32_t xflags;
    char subject[BUFSIZ];
    char issuer[BUFSIZ];
    char serial[BUFSIZ];
    char notBefore[BUFSIZ];
    char notAfter[BUFSIZ];
    char buffer[BUFSIZ];
    char certStr[CERT_STR_SIZE], *certStr_p;
    int certStr_len, toRead;
    unsigned char sha1_hash_binary[SHA_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    unsigned char md[EVP_MAX_MD_SIZE];
    unsigned char sha256_hash_binary[SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    int nid, pknid, bits, num_of_exts, len;
    uint32_t xflags;
    STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *san;

    certStr[0] = 0;
    if ((bio = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem())) == NULL) {
	subject[0] = 0;
	issuer[0]  = 0;
	serial[0]  = 0;
    } else {
	flags = XN_FLAG_RFC2253 | ASN1_STRFLGS_UTF8_CONVERT;
	flags &= ~ASN1_STRFLGS_ESC_MSB;
    unsigned long flags = XN_FLAG_RFC2253 | ASN1_STRFLGS_UTF8_CONVERT;
    flags &= ~ASN1_STRFLGS_ESC_MSB;

	X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_subject_name(cert), 0, flags);
	n = BIO_read(bio, subject, min(BIO_pending(bio), BUFSIZ - 1));
	n = max(n, 0);
	subject[n] = 0;
    if (interp == NULL || cert == NULL || bio == NULL || certPtr == NULL) {
	return NULL;
    }

	(void)BIO_flush(bio);

	X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_issuer_name(cert), 0, flags);
    /* Signature algorithm and value - RFC 5280 section 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.3 */
    /* signatureAlgorithm is the id of the cryptographic algorithm used by the
	CA to sign this cert. signatureValue is the digital signature computed
	upon the ASN.1 DER encoded tbsCertificate. */
    {
	const X509_ALGOR *sig_alg;
	n = BIO_read(bio, issuer, min(BIO_pending(bio), BUFSIZ - 1));
	n = max(n, 0);
	issuer[n] = 0;
	(void)BIO_flush(bio);
	const ASN1_BIT_STRING *sig;
	int sig_nid;

	i2a_ASN1_INTEGER(bio, X509_get0_serialNumber(cert));
	X509_get0_signature(&sig, &sig_alg, cert);
	n = BIO_read(bio, serial, min(BIO_pending(bio), BUFSIZ - 1));
	n = max(n, 0);
	serial[n] = 0;
	/* sig_nid = X509_get_signature_nid(cert) */
	sig_nid = OBJ_obj2nid(sig_alg->algorithm);
	(void)BIO_flush(bio);

        /* Get certificate */
        if (PEM_write_bio_X509(bio, cert)) {
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signatureAlgorithm", OBJ_nid2ln(sig_nid), -1);
	len = (sig_nid != NID_undef) ? String_to_Hex(sig->data, sig->length, buffer, BUFSIZ) : 0;
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signatureValue", buffer, len);
    }

    /* Version of the encoded certificate - RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.1 */
    LAPPEND_LONG(interp, certPtr, "version", X509_get_version(cert)+1);
            certStr_p = certStr;
            certStr_len = 0;
            while (1) {
                toRead = min(BIO_pending(bio), CERT_STR_SIZE - certStr_len - 1);
                toRead = min(toRead, BUFSIZ);
                if (toRead == 0) {
                    break;
                }
                dprintf("Reading %i bytes from the certificate...", toRead);
                n = BIO_read(bio, certStr_p, toRead);

    /* Unique number assigned by CA to certificate - RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.2 */
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(i2a_ASN1_INTEGER(bio, X509_get0_serialNumber(cert)), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
                if (n <= 0) {
                    break;
                }
                certStr_len += n;
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "serialNumber", buffer, len);
                certStr_p   += n;
            }

            *certStr_p = '\0';
            (void)BIO_flush(bio);
        }

    /* Signature algorithm used by the CA to sign the certificate. Must match
	signatureAlgorithm. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.3 */
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signature", OBJ_nid2ln(X509_get_signature_nid(cert)), -1);

    /* Issuer identifies the entity that signed and issued the cert. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.4 */
	/* All */
	if (X509_print_ex(bio, cert, flags, 0)) {
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_issuer_name(cert), 0, flags), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	    char all[65536];
	    n = BIO_read(bio, all, min(BIO_pending(bio), 65535));
	    n = max(n, 0);
	    all[n] = 0;
	    (void)BIO_flush(bio);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("all", -1));
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "issuer", buffer, len);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(all, n));
	}


    /* Certificate validity period is the interval the CA warrants that it will
	BIO_free(bio);
    }

	maintain info on the status of the certificate. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.5 */
    /* Get Validity - Not Before */
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(ASN1_TIME_print(bio, X509_get0_notBefore(cert)), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "notBefore", buffer, len);

    /* Get Validity - Not After */
    strcpy(notBefore, ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr(X509_get0_notBefore(cert)));
    strcpy(notAfter, ASN1_UTCTIME_tostr(X509_get0_notAfter(cert)));
    len = BIO_to_Buffer(ASN1_TIME_print(bio, X509_get0_notAfter(cert)), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "notAfter", buffer, len);

    /* Subject identifies the entity associated with the public key stored in
    /* Version */
	the subject public key field. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.6 */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("version", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewLongObj(X509_get_version(cert)+1));

    len = BIO_to_Buffer(X509_NAME_print_ex(bio, X509_get_subject_name(cert), 0, flags), bio, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    /* Signature algorithm */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signature", -1));
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "subject", buffer, len);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(X509_get_signature_nid(cert)),-1));
 

    /* SHA1 Fingerprint of cert - DER representation */
    X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha1(), sha1_hash_binary, &len);
    len = String_to_Hex(sha1_hash_binary, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    if (X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha1(), md, &len)) {
    len = String_to_Hex(md, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("sha1_hash", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));

	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "sha1_hash", buffer, len);
    }

    /* SHA256 Fingerprint of cert - DER representation */
    X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha256(), sha256_hash_binary, &len);
    len = String_to_Hex(sha256_hash_binary, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    if (X509_digest(cert, EVP_sha256(), md, &len)) {
    len = String_to_Hex(md, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("sha256_hash", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));

	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "sha256_hash", buffer, len);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subject", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(subject, -1));

    }
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("issuer", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(issuer, -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("notBefore", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(notBefore, -1));

    /* Subject Public Key Info specifies the public key and identifies the
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("notAfter", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(notAfter, -1));

	algorithm with which the key is used. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.7 */
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("serialNumber", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(serial, -1));

    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("certificate", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(certStr, -1));

    num_of_exts = X509_get_ext_count(cert);
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("num_extensions", -1));
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(num_of_exts));

    /* Information about the signature of certificate cert */
    if (X509_get_signature_info(cert, &nid, &pknid, &bits, &xflags) == 1) {
    if (X509_get_signature_info(cert, &mdnid, &pknid, &bits, &xflags)) {
	ASN1_BIT_STRING *key;
	unsigned int n;

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signingDigest", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid),-1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("publicKeyAlgorithm", -1));
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signingDigest", OBJ_nid2ln(mdnid), -1);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "publicKeyAlgorithm", OBJ_nid2ln(pknid), -1);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(pknid),-1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("bits", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(bits));
	LAPPEND_INT(interp, certPtr, "bits", bits); /* Effective security bits */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("extension_flags", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewIntObj(xflags));
	

	/* Public key - X509_get0_pubkey */
	key = X509_get0_pubkey_bitstr(cert);
	len = String_to_Hex(key->data, key->length, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("publicKey", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
	
	/* Check if cert was issued by CA cert issuer or self signed */
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("self_signed", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewBooleanObj(X509_check_issued(cert, cert) == X509_V_OK));
    }
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "publicKey", buffer, len);

	len = 0;
	if (X509_pubkey_digest(cert, EVP_get_digestbynid(pknid), md, &n)) {
	    len = String_to_Hex(md, (int)n, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	}
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "publicKeyHash", buffer, len);

	len = 0;
	if (X509_digest(cert, EVP_get_digestbynid(mdnid), md, &n)) {
	    len = String_to_Hex(md, (int)n, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	}
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "signatureHash", buffer, len);
    }

    /* Get extensions flags */
    xflags = X509_get_extension_flags(cert);
    LAPPEND_INT(interp, certPtr, "extFlags", xflags);

	/* Check if cert was issued by CA cert issuer or self signed */
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "selfIssued", xflags & EXFLAG_SI);
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "selfSigned", xflags & EXFLAG_SS);

    /* Unique Ids */
    /* The Unique Ids are used to handle the possibility of reuse of subject
	and/or issuer names over time. RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.8 */
    {
	const ASN1_BIT_STRING *iuid, *suid;
        X509_get0_uids(cert, &iuid, &suid);

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("issuerUniqueId", -1));
	if (iuid != NULL) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj((char *)iuid->data, iuid->length));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subjectUniqueId", -1));
	if (suid != NULL) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj((char *)suid->data, suid->length));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}
    }

    /* Get extensions */
    /* X509 v3 Extensions - RFC 5280 section 4.1.2.9 */
    if (num_of_exts > 0) {
	Tcl_Obj *extsPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
	const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *exts;
	exts = X509_get0_extensions(cert);
    LAPPEND_INT(interp, certPtr, "extCount", X509_get_ext_count(cert));
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "extensions", Tls_x509Extensions(interp, cert));

    /* Authority Key Identifier (AKI) is the Subject Key Identifier (SKI) of
	its signer (the CA). RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.1, NID_authority_key_identifier */
	for (int i=0; i < num_of_exts; i++) {
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "authorityKeyIdentifier",
	    X509_EXTENSION *ex = sk_X509_EXTENSION_value(exts, i);
	    ASN1_OBJECT *obj = X509_EXTENSION_get_object(ex);
	Tls_x509Identifier(X509_get0_authority_key_id(cert)));
	    unsigned nid2 = OBJ_obj2nid(obj);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, extsPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(nid2), -1));
	}

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("extensions", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, extsPtr);
    }
    /* Subject Key Identifier (SKI) is used to identify certificates that contain
	a particular public key. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.2, NID_subject_key_identifier */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "subjectKeyIdentifier",
	Tls_x509Identifier(X509_get0_subject_key_id(cert)));

    /* Key usage extension defines the purpose (e.g., encipherment, signature, certificate
	signing) of the key in the certificate. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.3, NID_key_usage */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "keyUsage", Tls_x509KeyUsage(interp, cert, xflags));

    /* Subject Alternative Name (SAN) extension. Additional host names for a single SSL certificate. */
    /* Certificate Purpose */
    san = X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, NID_subject_alt_name, NULL, NULL);
    if (san) {
	Tcl_Obj *namesPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);
    LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "purpose", Tls_x509Purpose(cert), -1);

	for (int i=0; i < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(san); i++)         {
	    const GENERAL_NAME *name = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(san, i);
	    size_t len2;

    /* Get purposes */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "certificatePurpose", Tls_x509Purposes(interp, cert));
	    if (name) {
		if (name->type == GEN_DNS) {
		    char *dns_name;
		    if ((len2 = ASN1_STRING_to_UTF8(&dns_name, name->d.dNSName)) > 0) {
			Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, namesPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(dns_name, (int)len2));
			OPENSSL_free (dns_name);
		    }
		} else if (name->type == GEN_IPADD) {
		    /* name->d.iPAddress */
		}
	    }
	}
	sk_GENERAL_NAME_pop_free(san, GENERAL_NAME_free);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subjectAltName", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, namesPtr);
    }

    /* Certificate Alias  */
    {

    /* Certificate Policies - indicates the issuing CA considers its issuerDomainPolicy
	equivalent to the subject CA's subjectDomainPolicy. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.4, NID_certificate_policies */
    if (xflags & EXFLAG_INVALID_POLICY) {
	/* Reject cert */
    }

    /* Policy Mappings - RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.5, NID_policy_mappings */

    /* Subject Alternative Name (SAN) contains additional URLs, DNS names, or IP
	addresses bound to certificate. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.6, NID_subject_alt_name */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "subjectAltName", Tls_x509Names(interp, cert, NID_subject_alt_name, bio));

    /* Issuer Alternative Name is used to associate Internet style identities
	with the certificate issuer. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.7, NID_issuer_alt_name */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "issuerAltName", Tls_x509Names(interp, cert, NID_issuer_alt_name, bio));

	unsigned char *bstring;
	len = 0;
	bstring = X509_alias_get0(cert, &len);
    /* Subject Directory Attributes provides identification attributes (e.g., nationality)
	of the subject. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.8 (subjectDirectoryAttributes) */
	len = String_to_Hex(bstring, len, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("alias", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
    }


    /* Basic Constraints identifies whether the subject of the cert is a CA and
	the max depth of valid cert paths for this cert. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.9, NID_basic_constraints */
    if (xflags & EXFLAG_BCONS) {
	LAPPEND_LONG(interp, certPtr, "pathLen", X509_get_pathlen(cert));
    }
    /* Get Subject Key id, Authority Key id */
    {
	ASN1_OCTET_STRING *astring;
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "basicConstraintsCA", xflags & EXFLAG_CA);
    LAPPEND_BOOL(interp, certPtr, "basicConstraintsCritical", xflags & EXFLAG_CRITICAL);
	/* X509_keyid_get0 */
	astring = X509_get0_subject_key_id(cert);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("subjectKeyIdentifier", -1));
	if (astring != NULL) {
	    len = String_to_Hex((char *)ASN1_STRING_get0_data(astring), ASN1_STRING_length(astring), buffer, BUFSIZ);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(buffer, len));

    /* Name Constraints is only used in CA certs to indicate the name space for
	all subject names in subsequent certificates in a certification path
	MUST be located. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.10, NID_name_constraints */
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}

    /* Policy Constraints is only used in CA certs to limit the length of a
	cert chain for that CA. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.11, NID_policy_constraints */

	astring = X509_get0_authority_key_id(cert);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("authorityKeyIdentifier", -1));
    /* Extended Key Usage indicates the purposes the certified public key may be
	used, beyond the basic purposes. RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.12, NID_ext_key_usage */
	if (astring != NULL) {
	    len = String_to_Hex((char *)ASN1_STRING_get0_data(astring), ASN1_STRING_length(astring), buffer, BUFSIZ);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(buffer, len));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}
	
	/*  const GENERAL_NAMES *X509_get0_authority_issuer(cert);
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "extendedKeyUsage", Tls_x509ExtKeyUsage(interp, cert, xflags));

    /* CRL Distribution Points identifies where CRL information can be obtained.
	RFC 5280 section 4.2.1.13*/
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "crlDistributionPoints", Tls_x509CrlDp(interp, cert));

    /* Freshest CRL extension */
    if (xflags & EXFLAG_FRESHEST) {
	const ASN1_INTEGER *X509_get0_authority_serial(cert); */
    }

    /* Authority Information Access indicates how to access info and services
    /* Get OSCP URL */
    {
	for the certificate issuer. RFC 5280 section 4.2.2.1, NID_info_access */

	STACK_OF(OPENSSL_STRING) *str_stack = X509_get1_ocsp(cert);
	Tcl_Obj *urlsPtr = Tcl_NewListObj(0, NULL);

    /* Get On-line Certificate Status Protocol (OSCP) URL */
	for (int i = 0; i < sk_OPENSSL_STRING_num(str_stack); i++) {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, urlsPtr,
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "ocsp", Tls_x509Oscp(interp, cert));
		Tcl_NewStringObj(sk_OPENSSL_STRING_value(str_stack, i), -1));
	}


    /* Get Certificate Authority (CA) Issuers URL */
	X509_email_free(str_stack);
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("ocsp", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, urlsPtr);
    }
 
    /* Signature algorithm and value */
    LAPPEND_OBJ(interp, certPtr, "caIssuers", Tls_x509CaIssuers(interp, cert));

    /* Subject Information Access - RFC 5280 section 4.2.2.2, NID_sinfo_access */

    /* Certificate Alias. If uses a PKCS#12 structure, alias will reflect the
	friendlyName attribute (RFC 2985). */
    {
	const X509_ALGOR *sig_alg;
	const ASN1_BIT_STRING *sig;
	int sig_nid;

	X509_get0_signature(&sig, &sig_alg, cert);
	/* sig_nid = X509_get_signature_nid(cert) */
	len = 0;
        char *string = X509_alias_get0(cert, &len);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "alias", string, len);
    }

    /* Certificate and dump all data */
	sig_nid = OBJ_obj2nid(sig_alg->algorithm);

    {
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureAlgorithm", -1));
	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(OBJ_nid2ln(sig_nid),-1));
	char certStr[CERT_STR_SIZE];

	Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("signatureValue", -1));
	if (sig_nid != NID_undef) {
	    len = String_to_Hex(sig->data, sig->length, buffer, BUFSIZ);
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj(buffer, len));
	} else {
	    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, certPtr, Tcl_NewStringObj("", -1));
	}
	/* Get certificate */
	len = BIO_to_Buffer(PEM_write_bio_X509(bio, cert), bio, certStr, CERT_STR_SIZE);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "certificate", certStr, len);

	/* Get all cert info */
	len = BIO_to_Buffer(X509_print_ex(bio, cert, flags, 0), bio, certStr, CERT_STR_SIZE);
	LAPPEND_STR(interp, certPtr, "all", certStr, len);
    }

    BIO_free(bio);
    return certPtr;
}