ripemd160 - RIPEMD-160 Message-Digest Algorithm
This package is an implementation in Tcl of the RIPEMD-160 message-digest algorithm (1). This algorithm takes an arbitrary quantity of data and generates a 160-bit message digest from the input. The RIPEMD-160 algorithm is based upon the MD4 algorithm (2, 4) but has been cryptographically strengthened against weaknesses that have been found in MD4 (4).
This package will use cryptkit or Trf to accelerate the digest computation if either package is available. In the absence of an accelerator package the pure-Tcl implementation will be used.
Calculate the RIPEMD-160 digest of the data given in string. This is returned as a binary string by default. Giving the -hex option will return a hexadecimal encoded version of the digest.
The data to be hashed can be specified either as a string argument to the ripemd160 command, or as a filename or a pre-opened channel. If the -filename argument is given then the file is opened, the data read and hashed and the file is closed. If the -channel argument is given then data is read from the channel until the end of file. The channel is not closed.
Only one of -file, -channel or string should be given.
Calculate an Hashed Message Authentication digest (HMAC) using the RIPEMD-160 digest algorithm. HMACs are described in RFC 2104 (5) and provide a RIPEMD-160 digest that includes a key. All options other than -key are as for the ::ripemd::ripemd160 command.
For the programmer, hash functions can be viewed as a bucket into which one pours data. When you have finished, you extract a value that is uniquely derived from the data that was poured into the bucket. The programming interface to the hash operates on a token (equivalent to the bucket). You call RIPEMD160Init to obtain a token and then call RIPEMD160Update as many times as required to add data to the hash. To release any resources and obtain the hash value, you then call RIPEMD160Final. An equivalent set of functions gives you a keyed digest (HMAC).
Begins a new RIPEMD-160 hash. Returns a token ID that must be used for the remaining functions.
Add data to the hash identified by token. Calling RIPEMD160Update $token "abcd" is equivalent to calling RIPEMD160Update $token "ab" followed by RIPEMD160Update $token "cb". See EXAMPLES.
Returns the hash value and releases any resources held by this token. Once this command completes the token will be invalid. The result is a binary string of 16 bytes representing the 160 bit RIPEMD-160 digest value.
This is equivalent to the ::ripemd::RIPEMD160Init command except that it requires the key that will be included in the HMAC.
These commands are identical to the RIPEMD160 equivalent commands.
% ripemd::ripemd160 -hex "Tcl does RIPEMD-160" 0829dea75a1a7074c702896723fe37763481a0a7
% ripemd::hmac160 -hex -key Sekret "Tcl does RIPEMD-160" bf0c927231733686731dddb470b64a9c23f7f53b
% set tok [ripemd::RIPEMD160Init] ::ripemd::1 % ripemd::RIPEMD160Update $tok "Tcl " % ripemd::RIPEMD160Update $tok "does " % ripemd::RIPEMD160Update $tok "RIPEMD-160" % ripemd::Hex [ripemd::RIPEMD160Final $tok] 0829dea75a1a7074c702896723fe37763481a0a7
H. Dobbertin, A. Bosselaers, B. Preneel, "RIPEMD-160, a strengthened version of RIPEMD" http://www.esat.kuleuven.ac.be/~cosicart/pdf/AB-9601/AB-9601.pdf
Rivest, R., "The MD4 Message Digest Algorithm", RFC 1320, MIT, April 1992. (http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc1320.txt)
Rivest, R., "The MD4 message digest algorithm", in A.J. Menezes and S.A. Vanstone, editors, Advances in Cryptology - CRYPTO '90 Proceedings, pages 303-311, Springer-Verlag, 1991.
Dobbertin, H., "Cryptanalysis of MD4", Journal of Cryptology vol 11 (4), pp. 253-271 (1998)
Krawczyk, H., Bellare, M. and Canetti, R. "HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication", RFC 2104, February 1997. (http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc2104.txt)
This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category ripemd of the Tcllib Trackers. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.
Hashes, checksums, and encryption