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pki(n) 0.6 tcllib "public key encryption"


pki - Implementation of the public key cipher

Table Of Contents




::pki::encrypt ?-binary? ?-hex? ?-pad? ?-nopad? ?-priv? ?-pub? ?--? input key

Encrypt a message using PKI (probably RSA). Requires the caller to specify either -priv to encrypt with the private key or -pub to encrypt with the public key. The default option is to pad and return in hex. One of -pub or -priv must be specified. The -hex option causes the data to be returned in encoded as a hexidecimal string, while the -binary option causes the data to be returned as a binary string. If they are specified multiple times, the last one specified is used. The -pad option causes the data to be padded per PKCS#1 prior to being encrypted. The -nopad inhibits this behaviour. If they are specified multiple times, the last one specified is used. The input to encrypt is specified as input. The key parameter, holding the key to use, is a return value from either ::pki::pkcs::parse_key, ::pki::x509::parse_cert, or ::pki::rsa::generate.

Mapping to OpenSSL's openssl application:

  1. "openssl rsautl -encrypt" == "::pki::encrypt -binary -pub"

  2. "openssl rsautl -sign" == "::pki::encrypt -binary -priv"

::pki::decrypt ?-binary? ?-hex? ?-unpad? ?-nounpad? ?-priv? ?-pub? ?--? input key

Decrypt a message using PKI (probably RSA). See ::pki::encrypt for option handling.

Mapping to OpenSSL's openssl application:

  1. "openssl rsautl -decrypt" == "::pki::decrypt -binary -priv"

  2. "openssl rsautl -verify" == "::pki::decrypt -binary -pub"

::pki::sign input key ?algo?

Digitally sign message input using the private key. If algo is ommited "sha1" is assumed. Possible values for algo include "md5", "sha1", "sha256", and "raw". Specifyin "raw" for algo will inhibit the building of an ASN.1 structure to encode which hashing algorithm was chosen. The input should be the plain text, hashing will be performed on it. The key should include the private key.

::pki::verify signedmessage plaintext key ?algo?

Verify a digital signature using a public key. Returns true or false.

::pki::key key ?password? ?encodePem?

Convert a key structure into a serialized PEM (default) or DER encoded private key suitable for other applications. For RSA keys this means PKCS#1.

::pki::pkcs::parse_key key ?password?

Convert a PKCS#1 private key into a usable key, i.e. one which can be used as argument for ::pki::encrypt, ::pki::decrypt, ::pki::sign, and ::pki::verify.

::pki::x509::parse_cert cert

Convert an X.509 certificate to a usable (public) key, i.e. one which can be used as argument for ::pki:encrypt, ::pki::decrypt, and ::pki::verify. The cert argument can be either PEM or DER encoded.

::pki::rsa::generate bitlength ?exponent?

Generate a new RSA key pair, the parts of which can be used as argument for ::pki::encrypt, ::pki::decrypt, ::pki::sign, and ::pki::verify. The bitlength argument is the length of the public key modulus. The exponent argument should generally not be specified unless you really know what you are doing.

::pki::x509::verify_cert cert trustedcerts ?intermediatecerts?

Verify that a trust can be found between the certificate specified in the cert argument and one of the certificates specified in the list of certificates in the trustedcerts argument. (Eventually the chain can be through untrusted certificates listed in the intermediatecerts argument, but this is currently unimplemented). The certificates specified in the cert and trustedcerts option should be parsed (from ::pki::x509::parse_cert).

::pki::x509::validate_cert cert ?-sign_message dn_of_signer? ?-encrypt_message dn_of_signer? ?-sign_cert dn_to_be_signed ca_depth? ?-ssl dn?

Validate that a certificate is valid to be used in some capacity. If multiple options are specified they must all be met for this procedure to return "true". Currently, only the -sign_cert option is functional. Arguments for the -sign_cert option are dn_to_be_signed and ca_depth. The dn_to_be_signed is the distinguished from the subject of a certificate to verify that the certificate specified in the cert argument can sign. The ca_depth argument is used to indicate at which depth the verification should be done at. Some certificates are limited to how far down the chain they can be used to verify a given certificate.

::pki::pkcs::create_csr keylist namelist ?encodePem? ?algo?

Generate a certificate signing request from a key pair specified in the keylist argument. The namelist argument is a list of "name" followed by "value" pairs to encoding as the requested distinguished name in the CSR. The encodePem option specifies whether or not the result should be PEM encoded or DER encoded. A "true" value results in the result being PEM encoded, while any other value 9results in the the result being DER encoded. DER encoding is the default. The algo argument specifies the hashing algorithm we should use to sign this certificate signing request with. The default is "sha1". Other possible values include "md5" and "sha256".

::pki::pkcs::parse_csr csr

Parse a Certificate Signing Request. The csr argument can be either PEM or DER encoded.

::pki::x509::create_cert signreqlist cakeylist serial_number notBefore notAfter isCA extensions ?encodePem? ?algo?

Sign a signing request (usually from ::pki::pkcs::create_csr or ::pki::pkcs::parse_csr) with a Certificate Authority (CA) certificate. The signreqlist argument should be the parsed signing request. The cakeylist argument should be the parsed CA certificate. The serial_number argument should be a serial number unique to this certificate from this certificate authority. The notBefore and notAfter arguments should contain the time before and after which (respectively) the certificate should be considered invalid. The time should be encoded as something clock format will accept (i.e., the results of clock seconds and clock add). The isCA argument is a boolean argumen describing whether or not the signed certificate should be a a CA certificate. If specified as true the "id-ce-basicConstraints" extension is added with the arguments of "critical" being true, "allowCA" being true, and caDepth being -1 (infinite). The extensions argument is a list of extensions and their parameters that should be encoded into the created certificate. Currently only one extension is understood ("id-ce-basicConstraints"). It accepts three arguments critical allowCA caDepth. The critical argument to this extension (and any extension) whether or not the validator should reject the certificate as invalid if it does not understand the extension (if set to "true") or should ignore the extension (if set to "false"). The allowCA argument is used to specify as a boolean value whether or not we can be used a certificate authority (CA). The caDepth argument indicates how many children CAs can be children of this CA in a depth-wise fashion. A value of "0" for the caDepth argument means that this CA cannot sign a CA certificate and have the result be valid. A value of "-1" indicates infinite depth.




Roy Keene

Bugs, Ideas, Feedback

This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category rsa of the Tcllib Trackers. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.

See Also

aes(n), blowfish(n), des(n), md5(n), sha1(n)


cipher, data integrity, encryption, public key cipher, rsa, security


Hashes, checksums, and encryption