doctools::toc::import - Importing keyword indices
This is one of the three public pillars the management of tables of contents resides on. The other two pillars are
For information about the Concepts of tables of contents, and their parts, see the same-named section. For information about the data structure which is the major output of the manager objects provided by this package see the section ToC serialization format.
The plugin system of our class is based on the package pluginmgr, and configured to look for plugins using
the environment variable DOCTOOLS_TOC_IMPORT_PLUGINS,
the environment variable DOCTOOLS_TOC_PLUGINS,
the environment variable DOCTOOLS_PLUGINS,
the path "~/.doctools/toc/import/plugin"
the path "~/.doctools/toc/plugin"
the path "~/.doctools/plugin"
the path "~/.doctools/toc/import/plugins"
the path "~/.doctools/toc/plugins"
the path "~/.doctools/plugins"
the registry entry "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\DOCTOOLS\TOC\IMPORT\PLUGINS"
the registry entry "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\DOCTOOLS\TOC\PLUGINS"
the registry entry "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\DOCTOOLS\PLUGINS"
The last three are used only when the package is run on a machine using Windows(tm) operating system.
The whole system is delivered with two predefined import plugins, namely
See doctoc import plugin for details.
See json import plugin for details.
Readers wishing to write their own import plugin for some format, i.e. plugin writers reading and understanding the section containing the Import plugin API v2 reference is an absolute necessity, as it specifies the interaction between this package and its plugins in detail.
A table of contents consists of a (possibly empty) list of elements.
Each element in the list is identified by its label.
Each element is either a reference, or a division.
Each reference has an associated document, identified by a symbolic id, and a textual description.
Each division may have an associated document, identified by a symbolic id.
Each division consists consists of a (possibly empty) list of elements, with each element following the rules as specified in item 2 and above.
A few notes
The above rules span up a tree of elements, with references as the leaf nodes, and divisions as the inner nodes, and each element representing an entry in the whole table of contents.
The identifying labels of any element E are unique within their division (or toc), and the full label of any element E is the list of labels for all nodes on the unique path from the root of the tree to E, including E.
This command creates a new import manager object with an associated Tcl command whose name is objectName. This object command is explained in full detail in the sections Object command and Object methods. The object command will be created under the current namespace if the objectName is not fully qualified, and in the specified namespace otherwise.
All objects created by the ::doctools::toc::import command have the following general form:
This method destroys the object it is invoked for.
This method takes the text and converts it from the specified format to the canonical serialization of a table of contents using the import plugin for the format. An error is thrown if no plugin could be found for the format. The serialization generated by the conversion process is returned as the result of this method.
If no format is specified the method defaults to doctoc.
The specification of what a canonical serialization is can be found in the section ToC serialization format.
The plugin has to conform to the interface specified in section Import plugin API v2 reference.
This method is a convenient wrapper around the import text method described by the previous item. It reads the contents of the specified file into memory, feeds the result into import text and returns the resulting serialization as its own result.
This method is a convenient wrapper around the import text method described by the previous item. It expects that object is an object command supporting a deserialize method expecting the canonical serialization of a table of contents. It imports the text using import text and then feeds the resulting serialization into the object via deserialize. This method returns the empty string as it result.
This method behaves like import object text, except that it reads the text to convert from the specified file instead of being given it as argument.
This method returns a list containing the names of all configuration variables currently known to the object.
This method returns a dictionary containing the names and values of all configuration variables currently known to the object.
This method sets the configuration variable name to the specified value and returns the new value of the variable.
If no value is specified it simply returns the current value, without changing it.
Note that while the user can set the predefined configuration variables user and format doing so will have no effect, these values will be internally overriden when invoking an import plugin.
This method unsets all configuration variables matching the specified glob patterns. If no pattern is specified it will unset all currently defined configuration variables.
This method returns a list containing the currently specified paths to use to search for include files when processing input. The order of paths in the list corresponds to the order in which they are used, from first to last, and also corresponds to the order in which they were added to the object.
This methods adds the specified path to the list of paths to use to search for include files when processing input. The path is added to the end of the list, causing it to be searched after all previously added paths. The result of the command is the empty string.
The method does nothing if the path is already known.
This methods removes the specified path from the list of paths to use to search for include files when processing input. The result of the command is the empty string.
The method does nothing if the path is not known.
This method clears the list of paths to use to search for include files when processing input. The result of the command is the empty string.
Plugins are what this package uses to manage the support for any input format beyond the ToC serialization format. Here we specify the API the objects created by this package use to interact with their plugins.
A plugin for this package has to follow the rules listed below:
A plugin is a package.
The name of a plugin package has the form doctools::toc::import::FOO, where FOO is the name of the format the plugin will generate output for. This name is also the argument to provide to the various import methods of import manager objects to get a string encoding a table of contents in that format.
The plugin can expect that the package doctools::toc::export::plugin is present, as indicator that it was invoked from a genuine plugin manager.
The plugin can expect that a command named IncludeFile is present, with the signature
This command has to be invoked by the plugin when it has to process an included file, if the format has the concept of such. An example of such a format would be doctoc.
The plugin has to supply the following arguments
The path of the file it is currently processing. This may be the empty string if no such is known.
The path of the include file as specified in the include directive being processed.
The result of the command will be a 5-element list containing
A boolean flag indicating the success (True) or failure (False) of the operation.
In case of success the contents of the included file, and the empty string otherwise.
The resolved, i.e. absolute path of the included file, if possible, or the unchanged path argument. This is for display in an error message, or as the currentfile argument of another call to IncludeFile should this file contain more files.
In case of success an empty string, and for failure a code indicating the reason for it, one of
The specified file could not be found.
The specified file was found, but not be read into memory.
An empty string in case of success of a notfound failure, and an additional error message describing the reason for a notread error in more detail.
A plugin has to provide one command, with the signature shown below.
Whenever an import manager of doctools::toc has to parse input for a table of contents it will invoke this command.
This argument will contain the text encoding the table of contents per the format the plugin is for.
This argument will contain the current configuration to apply to the parsing, as a dictionary mapping from variable names to values.
The following configuration variables have a predefined meaning all plugins have to obey, although they can ignore this information at their discretion. Any other other configuration variables recognized by a plugin will be described in the manpage for that plugin.
This variable is expected to contain the name of the user owning the process invoking the plugin.
This variable is expected to contain the name of the format whose plugin is invoked.
A single usage cycle of a plugin consists of the invokations of the command import. This call has to leave the plugin in a state where another usage cycle can be run without problems.
Here we specify the format used by the doctools v2 packages to serialize tables of contents as immutable values for transport, comparison, etc.
We distinguish between regular and canonical serializations. While a table of contents may have more than one regular serialization only exactly one of them will be canonical.
The serialization of any table of contents is a nested Tcl dictionary.
This dictionary holds a single key, doctools::toc, and its value. This value holds the contents of the table of contents.
The contents of the table of contents are a Tcl dictionary holding the title of the table of contents, a label, and its elements. The relevant keys and their values are
The value is a string containing the title of the table of contents.
The value is a string containing a label for the table of contents.
The value is a Tcl list holding the elements of the table, in the order they are to be shown.
Each element is a Tcl list holding the type of the item, and its description, in this order. An alternative description would be that it is a Tcl dictionary holding a single key, the item type, mapped to the item description.
The two legal item types and their descriptions are
This item describes a single entry in the table of contents, referencing a single document. To this end its value is a Tcl dictionary containing an id for the referenced document, a label, and a longer textual description which can be associated with the entry. The relevant keys and their values are
The value is a string containing the id of the document associated with the entry.
The value is a string containing a label for this entry. This string also identifies the entry, and no two entries (references and divisions) in the containing list are allowed to have the same label.
The value is a string containing a longer description for this entry.
This item describes a group of entries in the table of contents, inducing a hierarchy of entries. To this end its value is a Tcl dictionary containing a label for the group, an optional id to a document for the whole group, and the list of entries in the group. The relevant keys and their values are
The value is a string containing the id of the document associated with the whole group. This key is optional.
The value is a string containing a label for the group. This string also identifies the entry, and no two entries (references and divisions) in the containing list are allowed to have the same label.
The value is a Tcl list holding the elements of the group, in the order they are to be shown. This list has the same structure as the value for the keyword items used to describe the whole table of contents, see above. This closes the recusrive definition of the structure, with divisions holding the same type of elements as the whole table of contents, including other divisions.
The canonical serialization of a table of contents has the format as specified in the previous item, and then additionally satisfies the constraints below, which make it unique among all the possible serializations of this table of contents.
The keys found in all the nested Tcl dictionaries are sorted in ascending dictionary order, as generated by Tcl's builtin command lsort -increasing -dict.
This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category doctools of the Tcllib Trackers. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.